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Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online
Proxy Services

https://preview.redd.it/ncg11n2exi451.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=ca3a208f85338d17ba0bb06c2a06fc44e81c33c2
A proxy is a server that acts as an intermediary between the connections of a client and a destination server. While being the client, instead of connecting directly to a server that can fulfill a requested resource (file, web page, etc.), the proxy receives your requests to access different pages and is in charge of transmitting them to the web server potentially masking their true origin.
You can use a high speed proxy server for multiple purposes: security and performance improvement, access to restricted sites, gaming, protection from malware present on the internet and communication anonymity, providing a high level of privacy. Proxy servers were devised to add structure and encapsulation) to distributed systems since they hide your IP and also block cookies and scripts hosted on websites.
There are two types of proxies: Datacenter Proxies and Residential Proxies, both used to hide your real IP address when browsing online.
Being the most common proxy servers, Datacenter Proxies are not affiliated with an Internet Service Provider (ISP) and they come from a secondary corporation, providing you with completely private IP authentication and anonymity. Their use for brand protection works great as they are fast and cheap. Conversely, Residential Proxies are intermediary servers that use IP addresses provided by an ISP, and are connected to real residential addresses; this is, each residential proxy address has a physical location.
The residential proxy service offered by ResidentialProxy operated by our company EPSILON TECHNOLOGY LTD, stands out for selling residential proxies mainly from USA, Canada, UK, Spain, France, Germany, Italy, among others. We charge for the amount of GB consumed: the cost of each GB is 3$ but we offer a discount for over 10GB consumed; you can have an additional GB for 1.75$. To buy more GB, you just need to contact us via mail or telegram and we will handle you all the information for your purchase. Our company currently accepts PayPal and cryptocurrency, more specifically bitcoin and ethereum.
One of the advantages of our dedicated residential proxies is that you can go undercover when registering on websites like Netflix and Gmail: your real IP will be hidden so that you can have access to them from any part of the world, blocking censorships applied by some countries like China and its Great Firewall, where services like Google and Amazon are censored. If you use a residential proxy, you can bypass this government block and use those services.
Our company offers two types of residential proxy services:
· Rotating IPs - which we offer for each http requested; this is, we give our customers new IP addresses for every connection request (the IP changes automatically as they go to different websites). There are other types of rotating IPs that change in a specific time interval set up by the customer; we do not offer this service, but companies like Luminati do.
· Static (Fixed) IPs – which remain fixed for an indefinitely period of time because these IPs belong to real people: we buy their bandwidth and those IPs are the ones we sell. If you purchase a static IP from a person and they turn off their computer, this IP becomes inaccessible (you won’t be able to connect to it) and you will have to wait until they turn it on again.
Without a doubt, proxy servers are a getaway between your system and the internet. Start using our residential proxies today!
Our Website: ResidentialProxy
submitted by Mundane-Parsnip to UsResidentialProxies [link] [comments]

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online
Proxy Services

https://preview.redd.it/q431hhk6xi451.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=14b61756c829cc37d93758bd3c8a3402944e7e60
A proxy is a server that acts as an intermediary between the connections of a client and a destination server. While being the client, instead of connecting directly to a server that can fulfill a requested resource (file, web page, etc.), the proxy receives your requests to access different pages and is in charge of transmitting them to the web server potentially masking their true origin.
You can use a high speed proxy server for multiple purposes: security and performance improvement, access to restricted sites, gaming, protection from malware present on the internet and communication anonymity, providing a high level of privacy. Proxy servers were devised to add structure and encapsulation) to distributed systems since they hide your IP and also block cookies and scripts hosted on websites.
There are two types of proxies: Datacenter Proxies and Residential Proxies, both used to hide your real IP address when browsing online.
Being the most common proxy servers, Datacenter Proxies are not affiliated with an Internet Service Provider (ISP) and they come from a secondary corporation, providing you with completely private IP authentication and anonymity. Their use for brand protection works great as they are fast and cheap. Conversely, Residential Proxies are intermediary servers that use IP addresses provided by an ISP, and are connected to real residential addresses; this is, each residential proxy address has a physical location.
The residential proxy service offered by ResidentialProxy operated by our company EPSILON TECHNOLOGY LTD, stands out for selling residential proxies mainly from USA, Canada, UK, Spain, France, Germany, Italy, among others. We charge for the amount of GB consumed: the cost of each GB is 3$ but we offer a discount for over 10GB consumed; you can have an additional GB for 1.75$. To buy more GB, you just need to contact us via mail or telegram and we will handle you all the information for your purchase. Our company currently accepts PayPal and cryptocurrency, more specifically bitcoin and ethereum.
One of the advantages of our dedicated residential proxies is that you can go undercover when registering on websites like Netflix and Gmail: your real IP will be hidden so that you can have access to them from any part of the world, blocking censorships applied by some countries like China and its Great Firewall, where services like Google and Amazon are censored. If you use a residential proxy, you can bypass this government block and use those services.
Our company offers two types of residential proxy services:
· Rotating IPs - which we offer for each http requested; this is, we give our customers new IP addresses for every connection request (the IP changes automatically as they go to different websites). There are other types of rotating IPs that change in a specific time interval set up by the customer; we do not offer this service, but companies like Luminati do.
· Static (Fixed) IPs – which remain fixed for an indefinitely period of time because these IPs belong to real people: we buy their bandwidth and those IPs are the ones we sell. If you purchase a static IP from a person and they turn off their computer, this IP becomes inaccessible (you won’t be able to connect to it) and you will have to wait until they turn it on again.
Without a doubt, proxy servers are a getaway between your system and the internet. Start using our residential proxies today!
Our Website: ResidentialProxy
submitted by Mundane-Parsnip to ResidentialIPProxy [link] [comments]

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online
Proxy Services

https://preview.redd.it/pifpkx8bxi451.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=b0a85a362ab399f37168e3fb9f7de5f9cd691d09
A proxy is a server that acts as an intermediary between the connections of a client and a destination server. While being the client, instead of connecting directly to a server that can fulfill a requested resource (file, web page, etc.), the proxy receives your requests to access different pages and is in charge of transmitting them to the web server potentially masking their true origin.
You can use a high speed proxy server for multiple purposes: security and performance improvement, access to restricted sites, gaming, protection from malware present on the internet and communication anonymity, providing a high level of privacy. Proxy servers were devised to add structure and encapsulation) to distributed systems since they hide your IP and also block cookies and scripts hosted on websites.
There are two types of proxies: Datacenter Proxies and Residential Proxies, both used to hide your real IP address when browsing online.
Being the most common proxy servers, Datacenter Proxies are not affiliated with an Internet Service Provider (ISP) and they come from a secondary corporation, providing you with completely private IP authentication and anonymity. Their use for brand protection works great as they are fast and cheap. Conversely, Residential Proxies are intermediary servers that use IP addresses provided by an ISP, and are connected to real residential addresses; this is, each residential proxy address has a physical location.
The residential proxy service offered by ResidentialProxy operated by our company EPSILON TECHNOLOGY LTD, stands out for selling residential proxies mainly from USA, Canada, UK, Spain, France, Germany, Italy, among others. We charge for the amount of GB consumed: the cost of each GB is 3$ but we offer a discount for over 10GB consumed; you can have an additional GB for 1.75$. To buy more GB, you just need to contact us via mail or telegram and we will handle you all the information for your purchase. Our company currently accepts PayPal and cryptocurrency, more specifically bitcoin and ethereum.
One of the advantages of our dedicated residential proxies is that you can go undercover when registering on websites like Netflix and Gmail: your real IP will be hidden so that you can have access to them from any part of the world, blocking censorships applied by some countries like China and its Great Firewall, where services like Google and Amazon are censored. If you use a residential proxy, you can bypass this government block and use those services.
Our company offers two types of residential proxy services:
· Rotating IPs - which we offer for each http requested; this is, we give our customers new IP addresses for every connection request (the IP changes automatically as they go to different websites). There are other types of rotating IPs that change in a specific time interval set up by the customer; we do not offer this service, but companies like Luminati do.
· Static (Fixed) IPs – which remain fixed for an indefinitely period of time because these IPs belong to real people: we buy their bandwidth and those IPs are the ones we sell. If you purchase a static IP from a person and they turn off their computer, this IP becomes inaccessible (you won’t be able to connect to it) and you will have to wait until they turn it on again.
Without a doubt, proxy servers are a getaway between your system and the internet. Start using our residential proxies today!
Our Website: ResidentialProxy
submitted by Mundane-Parsnip to RotatingProxy [link] [comments]

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online
Proxy Services

https://preview.redd.it/al6w06d4wi451.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=6714042aebd9ded4fac0a5576e8171a658942620
A proxy is a server that acts as an intermediary between the connections of a client and a destination server. While being the client, instead of connecting directly to a server that can fulfill a requested resource (file, web page, etc.), the proxy receives your requests to access different pages and is in charge of transmitting them to the web server potentially masking their true origin.
You can use a high speed proxy server for multiple purposes: security and performance improvement, access to restricted sites, gaming, protection from malware present on the internet and communication anonymity, providing a high level of privacy. Proxy servers were devised to add structure and encapsulation) to distributed systems since they hide your IP and also block cookies and scripts hosted on websites.
There are two types of proxies: Datacenter Proxies and Residential Proxies, both used to hide your real IP address when browsing online.
Being the most common proxy servers, Datacenter Proxies are not affiliated with an Internet Service Provider (ISP) and they come from a secondary corporation, providing you with completely private IP authentication and anonymity. Their use for brand protection works great as they are fast and cheap. Conversely, Residential Proxies are intermediary servers that use IP addresses provided by an ISP, and are connected to real residential addresses; this is, each residential proxy address has a physical location.
The residential proxy service offered by ResidentialProxy operated by our company EPSILON TECHNOLOGY LTD, stands out for selling residential proxies mainly from USA, Canada, UK, Spain, France, Germany, Italy, among others. We charge for the amount of GB consumed: the cost of each GB is 3$ but we offer a discount for over 10GB consumed; you can have an additional GB for 1.75$. To buy more GB, you just need to contact us via mail or telegram and we will handle you all the information for your purchase. Our company currently accepts PayPal and cryptocurrency, more specifically bitcoin and ethereum.
One of the advantages of our dedicated residential proxies is that you can go undercover when registering on websites like Netflix and Gmail: your real IP will be hidden so that you can have access to them from any part of the world, blocking censorships applied by some countries like China and its Great Firewall, where services like Google and Amazon are censored. If you use a residential proxy, you can bypass this government block and use those services.
Our company offers two types of residential proxy services:
· Rotating IPs - which we offer for each http requested; this is, we give our customers new IP addresses for every connection request (the IP changes automatically as they go to different websites). There are other types of rotating IPs that change in a specific time interval set up by the customer; we do not offer this service, but companies like Luminati do.
· Static (Fixed) IPs – which remain fixed for an indefinitely period of time because these IPs belong to real people: we buy their bandwidth and those IPs are the ones we sell. If you purchase a static IP from a person and they turn off their computer, this IP becomes inaccessible (you won’t be able to connect to it) and you will have to wait until they turn it on again.
Without a doubt, proxy servers are a getaway between your system and the internet. Start using our residential proxies today!
Our Website: ResidentialProxy
submitted by Mundane-Parsnip to BackconnectProxies [link] [comments]

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online
Proxy Services

https://preview.redd.it/2nf8jmz7xi451.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=c21d9c5f086950fa0f96e8f3cfd4d7de79869d17
A proxy is a server that acts as an intermediary between the connections of a client and a destination server. While being the client, instead of connecting directly to a server that can fulfill a requested resource (file, web page, etc.), the proxy receives your requests to access different pages and is in charge of transmitting them to the web server potentially masking their true origin.
You can use a high speed proxy server for multiple purposes: security and performance improvement, access to restricted sites, gaming, protection from malware present on the internet and communication anonymity, providing a high level of privacy. Proxy servers were devised to add structure and encapsulation) to distributed systems since they hide your IP and also block cookies and scripts hosted on websites.
There are two types of proxies: Datacenter Proxies and Residential Proxies, both used to hide your real IP address when browsing online.
Being the most common proxy servers, Datacenter Proxies are not affiliated with an Internet Service Provider (ISP) and they come from a secondary corporation, providing you with completely private IP authentication and anonymity. Their use for brand protection works great as they are fast and cheap. Conversely, Residential Proxies are intermediary servers that use IP addresses provided by an ISP, and are connected to real residential addresses; this is, each residential proxy address has a physical location.
The residential proxy service offered by ResidentialProxy operated by our company EPSILON TECHNOLOGY LTD, stands out for selling residential proxies mainly from USA, Canada, UK, Spain, France, Germany, Italy, among others. We charge for the amount of GB consumed: the cost of each GB is 3$ but we offer a discount for over 10GB consumed; you can have an additional GB for 1.75$. To buy more GB, you just need to contact us via mail or telegram and we will handle you all the information for your purchase. Our company currently accepts PayPal and cryptocurrency, more specifically bitcoin and ethereum.
One of the advantages of our dedicated residential proxies is that you can go undercover when registering on websites like Netflix and Gmail: your real IP will be hidden so that you can have access to them from any part of the world, blocking censorships applied by some countries like China and its Great Firewall, where services like Google and Amazon are censored. If you use a residential proxy, you can bypass this government block and use those services.
Our company offers two types of residential proxy services:
· Rotating IPs - which we offer for each http requested; this is, we give our customers new IP addresses for every connection request (the IP changes automatically as they go to different websites). There are other types of rotating IPs that change in a specific time interval set up by the customer; we do not offer this service, but companies like Luminati do.
· Static (Fixed) IPs – which remain fixed for an indefinitely period of time because these IPs belong to real people: we buy their bandwidth and those IPs are the ones we sell. If you purchase a static IP from a person and they turn off their computer, this IP becomes inaccessible (you won’t be able to connect to it) and you will have to wait until they turn it on again.
Without a doubt, proxy servers are a getaway between your system and the internet. Start using our residential proxies today!
Our Website: ResidentialProxy
submitted by Mundane-Parsnip to ResidentialIPVPN [link] [comments]

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online
Proxy Services

https://preview.redd.it/ge0znc2yui451.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=5a6f0cd11c7853da9dd089df1352dff6574e6e97
A proxy is a server that acts as an intermediary between the connections of a client and a destination server. While being the client, instead of connecting directly to a server that can fulfill a requested resource (file, web page, etc.), the proxy receives your requests to access different pages and is in charge of transmitting them to the web server potentially masking their true origin.
You can use a high speed proxy server for multiple purposes: security and performance improvement, access to restricted sites, gaming, protection from malware present on the internet and communication anonymity, providing a high level of privacy. Proxy servers were devised to add structure and encapsulation) to distributed systems since they hide your IP and also block cookies and scripts hosted on websites.
There are two types of proxies: Datacenter Proxies and Residential Proxies, both used to hide your real IP address when browsing online.
Being the most common proxy servers, Datacenter Proxies are not affiliated with an Internet Service Provider (ISP) and they come from a secondary corporation, providing you with completely private IP authentication and anonymity. Their use for brand protection works great as they are fast and cheap. Conversely, Residential Proxies are intermediary servers that use IP addresses provided by an ISP, and are connected to real residential addresses; this is, each residential proxy address has a physical location.
The residential proxy service offered by ResidentialProxy operated by our company EPSILON TECHNOLOGY LTD, stands out for selling residential proxies mainly from USA, Canada, UK, Spain, France, Germany, Italy, among others. We charge for the amount of GB consumed: the cost of each GB is 3$ but we offer a discount for over 10GB consumed; you can have an additional GB for 1.75$. To buy more GB, you just need to contact us via mail or telegram and we will handle you all the information for your purchase. Our company currently accepts PayPal and cryptocurrency, more specifically bitcoin and ethereum.
One of the advantages of our dedicated residential proxies is that you can go undercover when registering on websites like Netflix and Gmail: your real IP will be hidden so that you can have access to them from any part of the world, blocking censorships applied by some countries like China and its Great Firewall, where services like Google and Amazon are censored. If you use a residential proxy, you can bypass this government block and use those services.
Our company offers two types of residential proxy services:
· Rotating IPs - which we offer for each http requested; this is, we give our customers new IP addresses for every connection request (the IP changes automatically as they go to different websites). There are other types of rotating IPs that change in a specific time interval set up by the customer; we do not offer this service, but companies like Luminati do.
· Static (Fixed) IPs – which remain fixed for an indefinitely period of time because these IPs belong to real people: we buy their bandwidth and those IPs are the ones we sell. If you purchase a static IP from a person and they turn off their computer, this IP becomes inaccessible (you won’t be able to connect to it) and you will have to wait until they turn it on again.
Without a doubt, proxy servers are a getaway between your system and the internet. Start using our residential proxies today!
Our Website: ResidentialProxy
submitted by Mundane-Parsnip to AccountsVerify [link] [comments]

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online
Proxy Services

https://preview.redd.it/3x9wznpcxi451.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=885f5adc8d2fd6ba1c0ee1e6210edbf3b2ab1a02
A proxy is a server that acts as an intermediary between the connections of a client and a destination server. While being the client, instead of connecting directly to a server that can fulfill a requested resource (file, web page, etc.), the proxy receives your requests to access different pages and is in charge of transmitting them to the web server potentially masking their true origin.
You can use a high speed proxy server for multiple purposes: security and performance improvement, access to restricted sites, gaming, protection from malware present on the internet and communication anonymity, providing a high level of privacy. Proxy servers were devised to add structure and encapsulation) to distributed systems since they hide your IP and also block cookies and scripts hosted on websites.
There are two types of proxies: Datacenter Proxies and Residential Proxies, both used to hide your real IP address when browsing online.
Being the most common proxy servers, Datacenter Proxies are not affiliated with an Internet Service Provider (ISP) and they come from a secondary corporation, providing you with completely private IP authentication and anonymity. Their use for brand protection works great as they are fast and cheap. Conversely, Residential Proxies are intermediary servers that use IP addresses provided by an ISP, and are connected to real residential addresses; this is, each residential proxy address has a physical location.
The residential proxy service offered by ResidentialProxy operated by our company EPSILON TECHNOLOGY LTD, stands out for selling residential proxies mainly from USA, Canada, UK, Spain, France, Germany, Italy, among others. We charge for the amount of GB consumed: the cost of each GB is 3$ but we offer a discount for over 10GB consumed; you can have an additional GB for 1.75$. To buy more GB, you just need to contact us via mail or telegram and we will handle you all the information for your purchase. Our company currently accepts PayPal and cryptocurrency, more specifically bitcoin and ethereum.
One of the advantages of our dedicated residential proxies is that you can go undercover when registering on websites like Netflix and Gmail: your real IP will be hidden so that you can have access to them from any part of the world, blocking censorships applied by some countries like China and its Great Firewall, where services like Google and Amazon are censored. If you use a residential proxy, you can bypass this government block and use those services.
Our company offers two types of residential proxy services:
· Rotating IPs - which we offer for each http requested; this is, we give our customers new IP addresses for every connection request (the IP changes automatically as they go to different websites). There are other types of rotating IPs that change in a specific time interval set up by the customer; we do not offer this service, but companies like Luminati do.
· Static (Fixed) IPs – which remain fixed for an indefinitely period of time because these IPs belong to real people: we buy their bandwidth and those IPs are the ones we sell. If you purchase a static IP from a person and they turn off their computer, this IP becomes inaccessible (you won’t be able to connect to it) and you will have to wait until they turn it on again.
Without a doubt, proxy servers are a getaway between your system and the internet. Start using our residential proxies today!
Our Website: ResidentialProxy
submitted by Mundane-Parsnip to RotatingProxyTrial [link] [comments]

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online
Proxy Services

https://preview.redd.it/ykczdpihxi451.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=08d7000a50a3528f8644d159f4f29c18a51a616f
A proxy is a server that acts as an intermediary between the connections of a client and a destination server. While being the client, instead of connecting directly to a server that can fulfill a requested resource (file, web page, etc.), the proxy receives your requests to access different pages and is in charge of transmitting them to the web server potentially masking their true origin.
You can use a high speed proxy server for multiple purposes: security and performance improvement, access to restricted sites, gaming, protection from malware present on the internet and communication anonymity, providing a high level of privacy. Proxy servers were devised to add structure and encapsulation) to distributed systems since they hide your IP and also block cookies and scripts hosted on websites.
There are two types of proxies: Datacenter Proxies and Residential Proxies, both used to hide your real IP address when browsing online.
Being the most common proxy servers, Datacenter Proxies are not affiliated with an Internet Service Provider (ISP) and they come from a secondary corporation, providing you with completely private IP authentication and anonymity. Their use for brand protection works great as they are fast and cheap. Conversely, Residential Proxies are intermediary servers that use IP addresses provided by an ISP, and are connected to real residential addresses; this is, each residential proxy address has a physical location.
The residential proxy service offered by ResidentialProxy operated by our company EPSILON TECHNOLOGY LTD, stands out for selling residential proxies mainly from USA, Canada, UK, Spain, France, Germany, Italy, among others. We charge for the amount of GB consumed: the cost of each GB is 3$ but we offer a discount for over 10GB consumed; you can have an additional GB for 1.75$. To buy more GB, you just need to contact us via mail or telegram and we will handle you all the information for your purchase. Our company currently accepts PayPal and cryptocurrency, more specifically bitcoin and ethereum.
One of the advantages of our dedicated residential proxies is that you can go undercover when registering on websites like Netflix and Gmail: your real IP will be hidden so that you can have access to them from any part of the world, blocking censorships applied by some countries like China and its Great Firewall, where services like Google and Amazon are censored. If you use a residential proxy, you can bypass this government block and use those services.
Our company offers two types of residential proxy services:
· Rotating IPs - which we offer for each http requested; this is, we give our customers new IP addresses for every connection request (the IP changes automatically as they go to different websites). There are other types of rotating IPs that change in a specific time interval set up by the customer; we do not offer this service, but companies like Luminati do.
· Static (Fixed) IPs – which remain fixed for an indefinitely period of time because these IPs belong to real people: we buy their bandwidth and those IPs are the ones we sell. If you purchase a static IP from a person and they turn off their computer, this IP becomes inaccessible (you won’t be able to connect to it) and you will have to wait until they turn it on again.
Without a doubt, proxy servers are a getaway between your system and the internet. Start using our residential proxies today!
Our Website: ResidentialProxy
submitted by Mundane-Parsnip to nonvoip [link] [comments]

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online
Proxy Services

https://preview.redd.it/kkwx0aw9xi451.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=081a65c3ba835d4a79151888c4539fa02b74820b
A proxy is a server that acts as an intermediary between the connections of a client and a destination server. While being the client, instead of connecting directly to a server that can fulfill a requested resource (file, web page, etc.), the proxy receives your requests to access different pages and is in charge of transmitting them to the web server potentially masking their true origin.
You can use a high speed proxy server for multiple purposes: security and performance improvement, access to restricted sites, gaming, protection from malware present on the internet and communication anonymity, providing a high level of privacy. Proxy servers were devised to add structure and encapsulation) to distributed systems since they hide your IP and also block cookies and scripts hosted on websites.
There are two types of proxies: Datacenter Proxies and Residential Proxies, both used to hide your real IP address when browsing online.
Being the most common proxy servers, Datacenter Proxies are not affiliated with an Internet Service Provider (ISP) and they come from a secondary corporation, providing you with completely private IP authentication and anonymity. Their use for brand protection works great as they are fast and cheap. Conversely, Residential Proxies are intermediary servers that use IP addresses provided by an ISP, and are connected to real residential addresses; this is, each residential proxy address has a physical location.
The residential proxy service offered by ResidentialProxy operated by our company EPSILON TECHNOLOGY LTD, stands out for selling residential proxies mainly from USA, Canada, UK, Spain, France, Germany, Italy, among others. We charge for the amount of GB consumed: the cost of each GB is 3$ but we offer a discount for over 10GB consumed; you can have an additional GB for 1.75$. To buy more GB, you just need to contact us via mail or telegram and we will handle you all the information for your purchase. Our company currently accepts PayPal and cryptocurrency, more specifically bitcoin and ethereum.
One of the advantages of our dedicated residential proxies is that you can go undercover when registering on websites like Netflix and Gmail: your real IP will be hidden so that you can have access to them from any part of the world, blocking censorships applied by some countries like China and its Great Firewall, where services like Google and Amazon are censored. If you use a residential proxy, you can bypass this government block and use those services.
Our company offers two types of residential proxy services:
· Rotating IPs - which we offer for each http requested; this is, we give our customers new IP addresses for every connection request (the IP changes automatically as they go to different websites). There are other types of rotating IPs that change in a specific time interval set up by the customer; we do not offer this service, but companies like Luminati do.
· Static (Fixed) IPs – which remain fixed for an indefinitely period of time because these IPs belong to real people: we buy their bandwidth and those IPs are the ones we sell. If you purchase a static IP from a person and they turn off their computer, this IP becomes inaccessible (you won’t be able to connect to it) and you will have to wait until they turn it on again.
Without a doubt, proxy servers are a getaway between your system and the internet. Start using our residential proxies today!
Our Website: ResidentialProxy
submitted by Mundane-Parsnip to ResidentialProxyUSA [link] [comments]

B(TC)itcoin is slow || My small and humble contribution

https://panzadura.github.io/B(TC)itcoin-is-slow/itcoin-is-slow/)

This is my small and (very) humble contribution: *English is not my first language so I apologize for spelling mistakes and inaccuracies.

B(TC)itcoin is slow

Bitcoin is slow because the block size was left at 1MB - 2MB with Witness Data on the SEGWIT network - after throwing the entire "team" developer of GitHub and being occupied by developers of what is now known as Blockstream.
This size has been maintained and keeps referring to two issues: Mining in China and the decentralization of the nodes or transaction validators that you point out in the article.

Mining in China occupies a good part of the pie that miners distribute - in turn these are the ones that confirm the transactions and undermine the blocks - since 2011 and these Chinese farms are behind something that in the West call "The Great Firewall "that prevents a stable connection and slows down the propagation of the block, its mining and confirmation of the transaction over 3 minutes [1] [2] causing a large part of the mining coming from China and therefore the power of 'Hash' decreased drastically affecting the security of Bitcoin; The less Hash the greater the possibility of being attacked by the Bitcoin network through a 51% attack that could cause double spending - although this gives rise to many debates since the 51% attack on an already "mature" network like Bitcoin requires a Considerable expenditure on mining equipment to control 51% of the mining power and receiving the block reward and the commissions for confirmed transfer on each block would make it less likely that said miner or mining group would like to make a double expense upon receiving sufficient economic compensation. So only a malicious agent with the intentions of destroying the network and assuming the total losses on the investment of equipment would be willing to carry out such operation. Possibilities exist but these are reduced by being the miner compensated for their activity.

In the same references to Chinese mining farms but in another more economical field; Bitcoin has 21 million that are obtained through mining and commissions on transfers. These 21 million are achieved over time and from there it becomes a deflationary element as there is no possibility of printing more coins. The question of the Bitcoin block costly and the influence of Chinese mining goes through the Bitcoin subsidy or, currently called as, block reward: When a miner puts a block in the chain he receives the Bitcoin reward that is "inside" "of that block and which is currently encrypted in 12.5. Every 210000 blocks the reward is reduced by half so in less than a year (312 days from today [3]) it will be reduced to 6.25 so the miners will see their subsidy fall in half unless Bitcoin's price per coin increases considerably or the mining farms begin to close or reduce mining equipment thus decreasing the power of the network's Hash. If Bitcoin reduces by half every 210000 blocks the subsidy per block to miners will come a time when they can only live and maintain their equipment for transaction fees and in a Bitcoin network with 7 transactions per second and a commission that tends to Increase the higher the number of movements in it makes it unfeasible for miners to continue in said 1MB network and above all that people want to use this payment method that is expensive and slow - more even than gold paper - Because remember that Bitcoin born as Peer 2 peer cash, not gold-.
Therefore, if in time the subsidy or reward is going to be 0 or unable to cover the mining equipment expense, it is necessary to find a solution if the developers do not want to touch the block size. And this goes through three issues already raised in BIPs and about the community: RPF (Replace By Fee), Lightning Network and Increase in the number of Bitcoin since the demand for Bitcoin does not rise because it offers a quality service but for security and above all for the manipulation of Tether (USDT) and the large exchange houses:

- The RBF consists in the substitution of a transaction without confirmations for another that would replace it with a higher commission eliminating the previous one of the mempool - the limbo of the transactions to be confirmed in Bitcoin -. Although this system seems effective, it does not eliminate the long-term problem of continuing to maintain the reduced block, but rather removes the problem of financing miners, but does not eliminate it and, above all, kills the operation of Bitcoin transactions by not eliminating the increase in commissions that would distance the user from its use. In addition to more easily allowing double spending [4] [5].

- Lightning Network is a side-chain or second layer, that is, a software development not implemented in the Bitcoin network itself and therefore is not an element of the block chain so this should already be repudiated since being a External and non-auditable element such as Bitcoin gives rise to "blanks" and therefore lack of existence and possibility of auditing accounts [6] and even the loss of money or cancellation of the transaction [7] [8]. It also faces the problem of routing since in a network in constant change with the openings and closures of payment channels it is unfeasible to establish a total and rapid diffusion to the nodes of LN - other than those of Bitcoin - so it comes into play Another new element of this network is the watchtowers in charge of ensuring compliance in open channels and over the entire LN network of payments. Obviously it requires an additional cost to hire this service and it is not yet implemented [9] and taking into account the pace at which Lightning Network is developed, it is doubtful that it will become available [10]. In short, to use properly - which is not successful - LN you need a node valued at $ 300 [11], a watchtower, have a channel open 24/7 and with sufficient funds to carry out transactions [12] [13] [14] .

- The increase in the Bitcoin offer was raised fleetingly by developer Peter Todd [15] [16] and will become an open debate in a few years when the mining block reward is low and the price of Bitcoin cannot be sustained only with uncontrolled printing of Tether and the manipulation on the price of the currency [17] [18] next to the collusion of the exchange houses headed by BitFinex [19] and personalities of the world 'crypto' [20] - if he survives long enough to see that moment since they are already behind Bitfinex for money laundering [21]. When that moment arrives I am sure that a BIP - Bitcoin Improvement Proposal - will be launched by Blockstream or directly notified of the measure destroying the essence of Bitcoin and the TRUE DECENTRALIZATION: THE PROTOCOL.

This brings us to the second reason for the slowness of Bitcoin. The correct and true decentralization goes through the code and the team of developers and maintainers, not any other. The protocol must be engraved in stone [22] and that the action of the miners distribute and decentralize the network and they maintain the nodes and the transactions in a completely capitalist economic relationship. Investing in machines and communication improves access, speed and spread of transactions and blocks and makes miners true competitors as well as facilitating the transmission of money and all kinds of transactions [22].
The decentralization of the nodes was the other great reason to prevent the increase of the block and therefore the speed in the transaction. It is based on a false premise to base the decentralization of Bitcoin - which is nowhere on the whitepaper - on the raspberry nodes. The dispersion of the transaction and all the stages of the transaction and the blocks depend on the miner and his team, as well as the search for excellence in communications to avoid orphan blocks - which are stipulated in the Nakamoto consensus and are part of Bitcoin and not they throw no problem in the transactions only in the resolution of the reward of the block that affects the miners and should seek greater efficiency - and reorganizations. The audit on the Bitcoin network can be perfectly performed without there being a Bitcoin node in each house, in fact it would cause the same routing problems that occur / will occur in the LN network.
Decentralization should not go through nodes but through developers and to a lesser extent by miners. If a protocol is continually being altered by developers they have the power of the network and it must be in constant struggle by the miners through the commission on transactions.

Due to these two factors, the BIP0101 proposed by the developers that Satoshi left in charge [23] and that originated the creation of Bitcoin Unlimited was rejected, later it was attacked due to its recent creation through DDoS attacks in a statement of intentions of the network Blockstream bitcoin [24] [25] remaining as a residual element.

These two reasons are the cause of the drowning suffered by the Bitcoin network - including many other elements that were eliminated and that corresponded to the initial code completely changing the nature and destiny of Bitcoin that are not relevant and I will not enumerate -, Any other reason is propaganda by those who want to keep Bitcoin drowned in order to enrich themselves with mining sub-subsidies and second-layer software like LN. Bitcoin has a structure similar to gold and can collect certain attributes of it but its destination in efficient and fast transmission as effective - among other transactions.

Bitcoin was designed to professionalize miners and create a new industry around them, so mining centers will become datacenters [26] and they will replicate all transaction logs and even this professionalization will eventually lead to specialization in other types of transactions born new industries around you that will support the nodes according to specialization - Data, asset transfers, money, property rights, etc ... -

Bitcoin scales to infinity if they leave the protocol FREE enough to do so.

P.D: Core, since the departure of Hearn and Andersen, they know perfectly well what they are doing: The worst breed from the Cyberpunk movement has been combined with the worst breed of the current synarchy; The ends always touch.

[1] https://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/3ygo96/blocksize_consensus_census/cye0bmt/
[2] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ivgxcEOyWNs&feature=youtu.be&t=2h36m20s
[3] https://www.bitcoinblockhalf.com/
[4] https://petertodd.org/2016/are-wallets-ready-for-rbf
[5] https://www.ccn.com/bitcoin-atm-double-spenders-police-need-help-identifying-four-criminals/
[6] https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=4905430.0
[7]https://www.trustnodes.com/2018/03/26/lightning-network-user-loses-funds || https://www.trustnodes.com/2019/03/13/lightning-network-has-many-routing-problems-says-lead-dev-at-lightning-labs
[8] https://diar.co/volume-2-issue-25/
[9] https://blockonomi.com/watchtowers-bitcoin-lightning-network/
[10] https://twitter.com/starkness/status/676599570898419712
[11] https://store.casa/lightning-node/
[12] https://bitcoin.stackexchange.com/questions/81906/to-create-a-channel-on-the-lightning-network-do-you-have-to-execute-an-actual-t
[13] https://blog.muun.com/the-inbound-capacity-problem-in-the-lightning-network/
[14] https://medium.com/@octskyward/the-capacity-cliff-586d1bf7715e
[15] https://dashnews.org/peter-todd-argues-for-bitcoin-inflation-to-support-security/
[16] https://twitter.com/peterktodd/status/1092260891788103680
[17] https://medium.com/datadriveninvestotether-usd-is-used-to-manipulate-bitcoin-prices-94714e65ee31
[18] https://twitter.com/CryptoJetHammestatus/1149131155469455364
[19] https://www.bitrates.com/news/p/crypto-collusion-the-web-of-secrets-at-the-core-of-the-crypto-market
[20] https://archive.is/lk1lH
[21] https://iapps.courts.state.ny.us/nyscef/ViewDocument?docIndex=8W00ssb7x5ZOaj8HKFdbfQ==
[22] https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=195.msg1611#msg1611
[23] https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/mastebip-0101.mediawiki
[24] https://www.reddit.com/bitcoinxt/comments/3yewit/psa_if_youre_running_an_xt_node_in_stealth_mode/
[25] https://www.reddit.com/btc/comments/3yebzi/coinbase_down/
[26]https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=532.msg6306#msg6306"
submitted by Knockout_SS to bitcoincashSV [link] [comments]

Best VPN Reddit 2019

Best VPN Reddit 2019

Invite to the Reddit 2019 Directory of VPN service providers. In this directory site, we're taking a look at a few of the absolute best business VPN provider on the Internet like ExpressVPN, CyberGhost, IPVanish, Hotspot Shield, Private Internet Access and others. Instead of taking a look at the large range of free suppliers, which often have a lot of limits (and dubious loyalties), we are looking at those suppliers who charge a couple of dollars a month, however put your interests first, instead of those of shadowy marketers and sponsors. We've looked at more than 20 elements including variety of server locations, client software, devoted and vibrant IP, bandwidth caps, security, logging, client support and rate.
Let's take a look at each of our suppliers below in a little bit more depth.
ExpressVPN
Number of IP addresses: 30,000
Number of servers: 3,000+.
Number of server locations: 160.
Variety of synchronised connections: 5.
Country/Jurisdiction: British Virgin Islands.
94+ countries.
3 months Free with 1-year strategy.
ExpressVPN likewise uses a 30-day money-back guarantee, and has outstanding procedure assistance. While few will utilize PPTP (unless there specify requirements), the extra support of SSTP and L2TP/IPSec might be welcome to some users.
We like the quality of their setup guides, and the in-depth details in their Frequently Asked Question. The ExpressVPN got points from us for their support of Bitcoin as a payment technique, and their trustworthy and easy-to-use connection kill switch feature.
The company has actually stayed in business because 2009, and has a significant network of fast VPN servers spread throughout 94 nations. Their finest plan is priced at simply $6.67 monthly for an annual plan that includes 3 months complimentary. ExpressVPN's dedication to privacy is a standout feature.
SEE ALL EXPRESSVPN PLANS.
NordVPN.
Number of IP addresses: 5,000.
Variety of servers: 5000+ servers.
Variety of server locations: 61.
Country/Jurisdiction: Panama.
60+ nations.
$ 2.99/ month (75% discount rate) for a 3-year plan.
NordVPN in-depth review and hands-on screening.
NordVPN is among our top-performing VPN companies. They even use a generous simultaneous connection count, with six synchronised connections through their network, where almost everyone else deals five or less.
NordVPN's network isn't as big as some of their competitors, so if you're attempting to obfuscate your tracks, you might want a company with more servers. Otherwise, this business is plainly offering a winning offering.
Their finest plan is 1-year membership strategy: $6.99 ($ 83.88). While their month-to-month price of $11.95 is at the high-end of the spectrum, their annual price of $83.88 is lower than a lot of our competitors. And yes, they also have a full 30-day refund policy. NordVPN likewise provides a dedicated IP choice, for those looking for a different level of VPN connection. They do provide $2.99/ month (75% discount rate) for a 3-year strategy.
SEE ALL NORDVPN PREPARES. cg-22-1.
CyberGhost VPN.
Number of IP addresses: 2,800.
Number of servers: over 3,700 worldwide.
Variety of server locations: 115.
24/7 support action.
$ 2.75/ month (79% discount) for a 3-year plan.
CyberGhost thorough evaluation and hands-on screening.
CyberGhost has actually been around because 2011 and has come out strongly as an advocate of "civil rights, a complimentary society, and an uncensored Internet culture." We truly liked how the company specifically showcases, on their Website, how folks usually prevented from accessing such essential services as Facebook and YouTube can bring those services into their lives by means of a VPN.
The company has strong Linux assistance, supports VPN through routers, and has a solution for the popular Kodi media player. They mark off all the boxes on procedure support and get congratulations for offering a connection kill switch function, in addition to supporting P2P and BitTorrent in most nations.
Still, the few extra dollars deserve it. We liked how the business offers custom-made app security, IPV5 support and DNS, IP, and WebRTC leakage prevention. CyberGhost also picked up points for preserving privacy by not logging connection information.
SEE ALL CYBERGHOST VPN PREPARES.
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IPVanish VPN.
Variety of IP addresses: 40,000+.
Variety of servers: 900.
Number of server locations: 60.
Country/Jurisdiction: United States.
$ 4.87/ month (60% discount) for a 1-year strategy.
A big win for IPVanish is the reality that the business keeps no logs. Absolutely no. We also like the business's stance towards privacy. They even supply support to EFF, the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a not-for-profit at the front lines of securing online personal privacy.
An unique feature of IPVanish, and one we're extremely interested by, is the VPN's assistance of Kodi, the open-source media streaming app that was as soon as referred to as XBMC. Any severe media fan has used or constructed Kodi or XBMC into a media player, and the integrated IPVanish Kodi plugin provides access to media worldwide.
At $7.50/ month and $58.49 for a year, they're undoubtedly attempting to move you towards their annual program. We awarded the business congratulations for Bitcoin support, and their money-back guarantee. We're a little disappointed that they just allow a 7-day trial, instead of a full 30-days. The company is generous, with five simultaneous connections. We also liked their connection eliminate switch feature, a must for anyone serious about staying confidential while browsing.
SEE ALL IPVANISH VPN PREPARES.
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PureVPN.
Variety of IP addresses: 300,000.
Variety of servers: 2000.
Variety of server locations: 180.
Country/Jurisdiction: Hong Kong.
$ 3.33/ month (70% discount rate) for a 1-year plan.
PureVPN does not log connection details. We like that they provide a 30-day refund policy. They got perk points because, essential for a few of our readers, PureVPN supports bitcoin payments and you're going like their fast performance.
Also, you can grow with them. If after a long time, you require to scale up to business-level plans, the business has offerings for development. Prices is middle-of-the-road, at $10.95 each month and $35,88 annually.
Finally, we like that PureVPN has both Kodi and a Chromebook solution called out right on their Web page. In addition, PureVPN earns the distinction of being the very first VPN service we've seen to totally implement the GDPR.
SEE ALL PUREVPN PLANS.
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StrongVPN.
Variety of IP addresses: 59,500.
Variety of servers: 689.
Variety of server places: 70.
$ 5.83/ month (42% discount rate) for a 1-year strategy.
StrongVPN blasts onto our favorites list with outstanding facilities and good price efficiency. As with our other favorites, StrongVPN has a strong no-logging policy. Since VPN is all about securing your personal privacy, that's a place the savvy VPN service providers can get points.
Strong likewise picks up congratulations for its large base of IP addresses, which also helps protect your anonymity. They have a strong collection of servers and around the world locations. For those of you who need a devoted IP, you can get one from the company, however you'll require to contact support to get assist setting it up.
Among StrongVPN's greatest strengths is the company's network. They own and operate their entire network infrastructure, which implies they have no externally-dictated limitations on bandwidth or the type of traffic enabled on the network. This gives you the self-confidence that you'll have the ability to power through your work.
StrongVPN's monthly price of $10 is in the middle of the pack, however their yearly cost of $69.99 is amongst the most affordable of our contenders.
SEE ALL STRONGVPN PLANS.
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Norton Secure VPN.
Number of countries: 29.
Variety of servers: 1500.
Variety of server areas: 200.
Country/Jurisdiction: US.
$ 39.99 for the first 12 months.
Symantec, long understood for quality in security items, has a fairly minimal offering in its VPN item. It does not support P2P or BitTorrent, it does not have a kill switch feature, and it does not support Linux, routers or set leading boxes.
On the other hand, it's a VPN product from Symantec, a publicly-traded business with a clearly recorded management team. In many software application classifications, this might not be a notable advantage, but in the VPN world, where most companies have shadowy management and impossible-to-track-down ownership structures, it's revitalizing to understand exactly who we're handling and understand through independent sources (the company's annual filing, the SEC, and analyst reports) that the company is reliable and liable.
SEE ALL NORTON SECURE VPN PLANS.
hotspot.
Hotspot Guard.
Variety of IP addresses: 50,000.
Number of servers: 2500.
Number of server places: 26.
$ 2.99/ month (77% discount rate) for a 3-year strategy.
HotSpot Shield is an item that has actually had some ups and downs in regards to our editorial protection. Back in 2016, they picked up some really favorable protection based upon founder David Gorodyansky remarks about protecting user personal privacy. Then, in 2017, a personal privacy group implicated the company of spying on user traffic, an accusation the company flatly denies. Lastly, just this year, ZDNet uncovered a flaw in the company's software that exposed users. Thankfully, that was repaired right away.
So what are we to make from HotSpot Guard? Frankly, the debate caused us to drop them from our directory for a while. However they approached us, made a strong case for their ongoing dedication to privacy, and we chose to give them another chance.
Here's the good news. They use one of the very best money-back warranty we have actually seen for VPN services, a complete 45-days. They support Windows, Mac, iOS, and Android, along with plugins for Chrome and Firefox. They also support routers and media players (but not Linux). And, as a reward, they have a connection kill switch feature.
The business does not support P2P or BitTorrent-- and they also don't support the OpenVPN. Every other supplier does, but HotSpot Shield limits its protocol assistance to L2TP/IPSec and something they call Hydra, an enhancement of the transport protocol.
Overall, the company did impress us with their attention to personal privacy. They have actually a released personal privacy canary. They likewise informed us, "We have actually integrated in malware, phishing and spam security. Our dedication to our users is that Hotspot Guard will never ever keep, log, or share your real IP address.".
SEE ALL HOTSPOT GUARD PLANS.
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Conceal My Ass.
Number of IP addresses: 3,106.
Number of servers: 830.
Variety of server locations: 280.
Country/Jurisdiction: UK.
$ 2.99/ month for 3-year strategy.
We have to provide these folks an extra shout-out just for the name of their service. The company has a strong network with an excellent selection of protocols supported. While they have a comprehensive (and really plainly written set of policy documents), the company clearly permits P2P and gushes.
We like how HMA provides assistance on a wide variety of devices consisting of video game consoles. We gave them kudos for bitcoin support, and their outstanding money-back guarantee. They did make us frown a bit since they do log connection data. They also use five synchronised connections.
While their monthly pricing of $11.52 is at the high end of the spectrum, their yearly rates is competitive at $78.66 for a full year.
SEE ALL CONCEAL MY ASS PLANS.
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VyprVPN Solutions.
Variety of IP addresses: 200,000+.
Variety of servers: 700+.
Variety of server locations: 70+.
Country/Jurisdiction: Switzerland.
30-Day Cash Back Guarantee.
$ 2.99/ month for 3-year strategy.
VyprVPN has the largest bank of IP addresses of any of the services we have actually taken a look at. The business provides a wide range of procedures, including its own high-performance Chameleon connection procedure.
We like that the company provides a connection kill switch feature and, for those who require it, there's a choice to get a dedicated IP address. VyprVPN is a standout in their effort to offer privacy, and ward off censorship. When China began its program of deep package VPN assessment, Golden Frog's VyperVPN service added scrambled OpenVPN packets to keep the traffic streaming.
At $9.95 for a month's service, and $80.04 for a year, the service is a good deal.
SEE ALL VYPRVPN PREPARES.
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Personal Web Access.
Variety of IP addresses: N/A.
Variety of servers: 3,252.
Number of server places: 37.
Country/Jurisdiction: United States.
Mentioning rate, if you desire a strong VPN service provider and you want the lowest yearly rate anywhere, Private Web Access is the location to go. At $6.95 a month, their regular monthly charge is the second least expensive of our choices, however at $39.95 per year, Private Internet Access beats even the second most affordable annual price by a complete Jackson (a $20 expense).
The company does not launch details on the variety of IP addresses offered, but at 3,252, their server count is more than any of our other choices.
These folks have been around given that 2010, and do not log anything. They supply a generous five connections, a connection kill switch feature, and some excellent online documentation and security assistance. Our one dissatisfaction is that their refund policy is 7-days rather of 30, however you can definitely get a feel for their exceptional efficiency in the area of a week.
SEE ALL PERSONAL INTERNET ACCESS PREPARES.
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TorGuard.
Variety of IP addresses: N/A.
Number of servers: 1,600.
Variety of server places: 50.
Country/Jurisdiction: United States.
Despite the fact that the business doesn't launch the number of IP addresses it supports, TorGuard didn't disappoint. In addition to standard VPN services, TorGuard uses a wide array of additional services, depending upon your personal privacy requires.
Just like our other favorites, TorGuard keeps no logs whatsoever. They have a full suite of protocol support, so no matter how you want to connect, you can have your choice. We likewise like the active blog site the company keeps. It's relevant and intriguing to anybody with Web security concerns.
While TorGuard only offers a 7-day return policy, it's enough time for you to be able to decide if you're pleased. The monthly rate of $9.99 is practically at the middle of the range, but the yearly fee of $59.99 is a deal compared to practically all our other competitors.
SEE ALL TORGUARD PLANS.
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Buffered VPN.
Variety of IP addresses: 11,000.
Number of servers: 800.
Variety of server locations: 46.
Country/Jurisdiction: Gibraltar.
Buffered VPN doesn't disclose much about the size of its network, however the 30-day refund ensure suggests that you can take their service for a test drive and really get a feel for how well it carries out for you. The business distressed us due to the fact that they do keep some connection information. They cheered us up, though, due to their client support, limitless bandwidth, and generous number of simultaneous sessions permitted.
The company is reasonably new, established in 2013. It's based in Europe, so those who choose an EU-based business might choose Buffered. We like how Buffered has made a strong dedication to Web liberty, and an equally strong dedication to supplying quality customer support.
At $12.99 monthly and $99.00 for a year of service, they do not provide the least costly plan, but we do suggest providing a shot.
SEE ALL BUFFERED VPN PLANS.
goose.
Goose VPN.
Variety of IP addresses: 8.
Variety of servers: 8.
Number of server locations: 39.
I needed to know why Goose VPN was so named. My very first order of business was to connect to the company's co-founder and ask. Geese, I was told, make exceptional guard animals. There are records of guard geese providing the alarm in ancient Rome when the Gauls assaulted. Geese have been utilized to secure an US Air Defense Command base in Germany and a brewery in Scotland.
It's clear that the goose is an ideal mascot for a service that's suggested to guard your digital communications. And so, we have Goose VPN.
Goose VPN has a number of standout features. Initially, you can have a limitless variety of synchronised connections (or gadgets) using the VPN at once. Second, if your bandwidth requirements are 50 GB or less per month, you can register for $2.99/ month, the most inexpensive monthly rate we have actually seen.
If you desire unlimited bandwidth, the company definitely is pushing you towards purchasing a year at a time. Their regular monthly cost for unrestricted bandwidth is a middle-of-the-road $12.99/ month, but if you invest $59.88 for a year's service, you'll find it's the second least expensive by-the-year price of the services we have actually examined.
Goose supplies all the typical clients, including iOS, Android, Mac, and Windows, and adds assistance for routers, Android TELEVISION, and Linux. They are dealing with a kill switch function, which may even be up and running by the time you read this evaluation. The company also provides 24/7 ticket-based support.
Ducks quack, geese honk, and swans whoop (we know, because we looked it up). Overall, particularly provided the limitless connections and low yearly rate, we believe Goose VPN is something to beep about.
SEE ALL GOOSEVPN PLANS.
surfshark-logo.
Surfshark.
Variety of servers: 800+.
Variety of server locations: 50.
Country/Jurisdiction: British Virgin Islands.
While Surfshark's network is smaller than some, they make it up on functions. Let's start off with the greatest win they provide: endless device assistance. If you want to run your whole home or office on Surfshark's VPN, you don't have to worry about the number of gadgets you have on or linked. They also use anti-malware, advertisement stopping and tracker blocking as part of their software application.
The company has a solid variety of app support, running on Mac, Windows, iOS, Android, FireTV, and through routers. We particularly like the feature that permits you to whitelist certain apps and websites to instantly bypass the VPN. For some service usage, this can be seriously crucial.
Surfshark also offers three special modes developed for those who wish to get around limitations and more thoroughly hide their online footsteps. Camouflage Mode masks your VPN activity so your ISP does not know you're utilizing a VPN. MultiHop dives your connection through multiple nations to hide your trail. Lastly, NoBorders Mode "allows [you] to successfully use Surfshark in restrictive areas." Just be careful. Doing any of these three things might be illegal in your nation and could lead to really extreme penalties.
For a year plan, Surfshark can be found in very close to much of the other full-featured VPN suppliers, at $71.88 for the first year. Take care, because it looks like that will jump to $143.40 after your very first year is up. Month-by-month plans are $11.95. Their finest deal is $1.99 a month, for their 24 month strategy (you pay $47.76 up front). Absolutely benefit from their generous 30-day trial to choose if you like this service (and possibly set a reminder in 23 months to see if you can talk them into a continued discount rate).
SEE ALL SURFSHARK PREPARES.
WEBROOT LOGO.
Webroot WiFi Security.
Country/Jurisdiction: United States.
Beginning rate: $39.99.
As VPN services go, Webroot WiFi Security is relatively bare-bones-- but it's also low-cost. Starting at $39.99 for a year of VPN service, you can get a package with both VPN and Webroot's antivirus software for $69.98 for your very first year. Sadly, both of these costs bump up after the first year. VPN security leaps to $59.99 and the package jumps to $119.98.
While we praise the combination of VPN and anti-viruses in one package, Webroot has had a troubled few years. In 2017, it wrongly flagged Windows' system files as malicious. In 2018, a kernel exploit was found in the business's Mac anti-virus client. In 2019, the company was acquired by backup company Carbonite.
If you're only safeguarding a couple of gadgets and wish to conserve loan, Webroot's VPN might be for you. That $39.99 rate is for as much as three devices. If you wish to protect 5 devices, you'll require to pay $59.99 for a year and $79.99 after that. Honestly, as soon as you get in that price variety, there are products with more abilities readily available.
Webroot's VPN is also light on protocols. While they do link utilizing IKEv2 by default, they likewise provide L2TP and the very old and very insecure PPTP protocol (although they do warn that it's not "as" protect. Another concern for those of you who need deep security is that the business does log both which VPN server location you link to and the nation you connect from.
So who is Webroot's VPN for? If all you wish to do is protect your Wi-Fi connection while browsing in your local cafe or at a hotel, you only require to connect a couple of devices, and you wish to save money, this is a convenient alternative. However if you require a major VPN with deep capabilities, you'll want to look elsewhere in this directory. Likewise, we didn't discover any reference to a money back warranty, so check with their pre-sales and support prior to purchasing.
SEE ALL WEBROOT WIFI SECURITY PLANS.
VPN FAQ
Since we're living in a connected world, security and privacy are critical to ensure our personal safety from nefarious hacks. From online banking to communicating with coworkers on a daily basis, we're now frequently transferring data on our computers and smartphones. It's extremely important to find ways of securing our digital life and for this reason, VPNs have become increasingly common.
What Is a VPN?
A virtual private network (VPN) is a technology that allows you to create a secure connection over a less-secure network between your computer and the internet. It protects your privacy by allowing you to anonymously appear to be anywhere you choose.
A VPN is beneficial because it guarantees an appropriate level of security and privacy to the connected systems. This is extremely useful when the existing network infrastructure alone cannot support it.
For example, when your computer is connected to a VPN, the computer acts as if it's also on the same network as the VPN. All of your online traffic is transferred over a secure connection to the VPN. The computer will then behave as if it's on that network, allowing you to securely gain access to local network resources. Regardless of your location, you'll be given permission to use the internet as if you were present at the VPN's location. This can be extremely beneficial for individuals using a public Wi-Fi.
Therefore, when you browse the internet while on a VPN, your computer will contact the website through an encrypted VPN service connection. The VPN will then forward the request for you and forward the response from the website back through a secure connection.
VPNs are really easy to use, and they're considered to be highly effective tools. They can be used to do a wide range of things. The most popular types of VPNs are remote-access VPNs and site-to-site VPNs.
What is a remote-access VPN?
A remote-access VPN uses public infrastructure like the internet to provide remote users secure access to their network. This is particularly important for organizations and their corporate networks. It's crucial when employees connect to a public hotspot and use the internet for sending work-related emails. A VPN client, on the user's computer or mobile device connects to a VPN gateway on the company's network. This gateway will typically require the device to authenticate its identity. It will then create a network link back to the device that allows it to reach internal network resources such as file servers, printers and intranets, as if it were on the same local network.
It usually relies on either Internet Protocol Security (IPsec) or Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) to secure the connection. However, SSL VPNs can also be used to supply secure access to a single application, rather than an entire internal network. Some VPNs also provide Layer 2 access to the target network; these will require a tunneling protocol like PPTP (Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol) or L2TP (Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol) running across the base IPsec connection.
What is a site-to-site VPN?
This is when the VPN uses a gateway device to connect to the entire network in one location to a network in another location. The majority of site-to-site VPNs that connect over the internet use IPsec. Rather than using the public internet, it is also normal to use career multiprotocol label switching (MPLS) clouds as the main transport for site-to-site VPNs.
VPNs are often defined between specific computers, and in most cases, they are servers in separate data centers. However, new hybrid-access situations have now transformed the VPN gateway in the cloud, typically with a secure link from the cloud service provider into the internal network.
What is a mobile VPN?
A traditional VPN can affect the user experience when applied to wireless devices. It's best to use a mobile VPN to avoid slower speeds and data loss. A mobile VPN offers you a high level of security for the challenges of wireless communication. It can provide mobile devices with secure access to network resources and software applications on their wireless networks. It's good to use when you're facing coverage gaps, inter-network roaming, bandwidth issues, or limited battery life, memory or processing power.
Mobile VPNs are designed and optimized to ensure a seamless user experience when devices are switching networks or moving out of coverage. It generally has a smaller memory footprint, and because of that, it also requires less processing power than a traditional VPN. Therefore, it enables your applications to run faster while the battery pack is able to last longer.
A Mobile VPN is a worthwhile tool to have since it increases privacy, user satisfaction and productivity, while also reducing unforeseen support issues caused by wireless connectivity problems. The increasing usage of mobile devices and wireless connectivity make it more important to ensure that your data is being transferred through a secure network. It will allow you to access the internet, while staying safe behind a firewall that protects your privileged information.
Who needs a VPN?
Individuals that access the internet from a computer, tablet or smartphone will benefit from using a VPN. A VPN service will always boost your security by encrypting and anonymizing all of your online activity. Therefore, both private and business users can benefit from using a VPN. Communications that happen between the VPN server and your device are encrypted, so a hacker or website spying on you wouldn't know which web pages you access. They also won't be able to see private information like passwords, usernames and bank or shopping details and so on. Anyone that wants to protect their privacy and security online should use a VPN.
How to choose a VPN Service?
There's a vast range of VPN servers on the internet. Some are free, but the best ones require a monthly subscription. Before you decide to download a VPN, make sure you consider these factors for understanding a VPN:
Cost - VPNs aren't too pricey, but they vary from vendor to vendor. If your main concern is price, then go with something inexpensive, or free - like Spotflux Premium VPN or AnchorFree HotSpot Shield Elite. By all means, try a free server but they do have a few drawbacks since they attract a lot of users. Free servers are often slower, and since most are ad-supported, they place adverts on the online pages you access. Others can even limit the speed of your connection, as well as your online time or amount of data transferred.
It's also important to note that leading VPN providers such as NordVPN and Privacy Internet Access offer stronger security features to ensure you're digitally safe. When selecting a paid VPN service, always be sure to check which countries it operates servers in.
Reliability - Select a VPN that is reliable and read the reviews to make sure that it's capable of protecting you by providing you with sufficient online privacy.
High security - An effective VPN will have the following security features: 128-bit encryption, anonymous DNS servers and an absence of connection logs.
Are there any bandwidth limits? This can often be linked to price; paying more will generally provide more bandwidth with faster internet access.
Are apps for Android, iOS phones and tablets available? Apps for Android and iOS devices are also vulnerable, so make sure your VPN server can support them.
To ensure privacy, you want to make sure you have a VPN that doesn't store online logs. Some servers provide virus and spyware protection, and features like that can significantly increase your online safety.
Using a no-logs VPN service will provide you with a higher degree of security. It can protect you from blanket government surveillance and prevent your internet service provider from knowing your online activity.
Using a VPN for Netflix and other forbidden treasures
Online streaming services like Netflix and Hulu have been making it difficult for foreign users to access their content in other countries. Many people can get around region restrictions by using a VPN service to route your traffic through another country.
It can be quite simple to watch Netflix and other restricted goodies. You'll have to use a VPN service that allows you to get a unique IP address. This can often be available for an additional fee. Look for VPN services that offer a "dedicated IP address", "dedicated IP", or "static IP." Additional features like these will always allow you to access content from Netflix through a VPN service.
This is by far the easiest way to access your forbidden apps since there's no specific way to block VPN traffic.
A lot of people started using a VPN to evade geo-restrictions. But despite its forbidden benefits to users outside the US, a VPN is a great tool that can protect you and enhance your online experience over the internet by providing you with sufficient security and privacy. When it comes to selecting the best VPN, you have plenty of choices. There are many cost-effective VPN options, and all of them will vary in monthly offerings. Choosing the best VPN is easier once you narrow down the competition. The best indication of a good VPN service provider is that they have the right security and the right support in place for you.
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Transcript of the community Q&A with Steve Shadders and Daniel Connolly of the Bitcoin SV development team. We talk about the path to big blocks, new opcodes, selfish mining, malleability, and why November will lead to a divergence in consensus rules. (Cont in comments)

We've gone through the painstaking process of transcribing the linked interview with Steve Shadders and Daniell Connolly of the Bitcoin SV team. There is an amazing amount of information in this interview that we feel is important for businesses and miners to hear, so we believe it was important to get this is a written form. To avoid any bias, the transcript is taken almost word for word from the video, with just a few changes made for easier reading. If you see any corrections that need to be made, please let us know.
Each question is in bold, and each question and response is timestamped accordingly. You can follow along with the video here:
https://youtu.be/tPImTXFb_U8

BEGIN TRANSCRIPT:

Connor: 02:19.68,0:02:45.10
Alright so thank You Daniel and Steve for joining us. We're joined by Steve Shadders and Daniel Connolly from nChain and also the lead developers of the Satoshi’s Vision client. So Daniel and Steve do you guys just want to introduce yourselves before we kind of get started here - who are you guys and how did you get started?
Steve: 0,0:02:38.83,0:03:30.61
So I'm Steve Shadders and at nChain I am the director of solutions in engineering and specifically for Bitcoin SV I am the technical director of the project which means that I'm a bit less hands-on than Daniel but I handle a lot of the liaison with the miners - that's the conditional project.
Daniel:
Hi I’m Daniel I’m the lead developer for Bitcoin SV. As the team's grown that means that I do less actual coding myself but more organizing the team and organizing what we’re working on.
Connor 03:23.07,0:04:15.98
Great so we took some questions - we asked on Reddit to have people come and post their questions. We tried to take as many of those as we could and eliminate some of the duplicates, so we're gonna kind of go through each question one by one. We added some questions of our own in and we'll try and get through most of these if we can. So I think we just wanted to start out and ask, you know, Bitcoin Cash is a little bit over a year old now. Bitcoin itself is ten years old but in the past a little over a year now what has the process been like for you guys working with the multiple development teams and, you know, why is it important that the Satoshi’s vision client exists today?
Steve: 0:04:17.66,0:06:03.46
I mean yes well we’ve been in touch with the developer teams for quite some time - I think a bi-weekly meeting of Bitcoin Cash developers across all implementations started around November last year. I myself joined those in January or February of this year and Daniel a few months later. So we communicate with all of those teams and I think, you know, it's not been without its challenges. It's well known that there's a lot of disagreements around it, but some what I do look forward to in the near future is a day when the consensus issues themselves are all rather settled, and if we get to that point then there's not going to be much reason for the different developer teams to disagree on stuff. They might disagree on non-consensus related stuff but that's not the end of the world because, you know, Bitcoin Unlimited is free to go and implement whatever they want in the back end of a Bitcoin Unlimited and Bitcoin SV is free to do whatever they want in the backend, and if they interoperate on a non-consensus level great. If they don't not such a big problem there will obviously be bridges between the two, so, yeah I think going forward the complications of having so many personalities with wildly different ideas are going to get less and less.
Cory: 0:06:00.59,0:06:19.59
I guess moving forward now another question about the testnet - a lot of people on Reddit have been asking what the testing process for Bitcoin SV has been like, and if you guys plan on releasing any of those results from the testing?
Daniel: 0:06:19.59,0:07:55.55
Sure yeah so our release will be concentrated on the stability, right, with the first release of Bitcoin SV and that involved doing a large amount of additional testing particularly not so much at the unit test level but at the more system test so setting up test networks, performing tests, and making sure that the software behaved as we expected, right. Confirming the changes we made, making sure that there aren’t any other side effects. Because of, you know, it was quite a rush to release the first version so we've got our test results documented, but not in a way that we can really release them. We're thinking about doing that but we’re not there yet.
Steve: 0:07:50.25,0:09:50.87
Just to tidy that up - we've spent a lot of our time developing really robust test processes and the reporting is something that we can read on our internal systems easily, but we need to tidy that up to give it out for public release. The priority for us was making sure that the software was safe to use. We've established a test framework that involves a progression of code changes through multiple test environments - I think it's five different test environments before it gets the QA stamp of approval - and as for the question about the testnet, yeah, we've got four of them. We've got Testnet One and Testnet Two. A slightly different numbering scheme to the testnet three that everyone's probably used to – that’s just how we reference them internally. They're [1 and 2] both forks of Testnet Three. [Testnet] One we used for activation testing, so we would test things before and after activation - that one’s set to reset every couple of days. The other one [Testnet Two] was set to post activation so that we can test all of the consensus changes. The third one was a performance test network which I think most people have probably have heard us refer to before as Gigablock Testnet. I get my tongue tied every time I try to say that word so I've started calling it the Performance test network and I think we're planning on having two of those: one that we can just do our own stuff with and experiment without having to worry about external unknown factors going on and having other people joining it and doing stuff that we don't know about that affects our ability to baseline performance tests, but the other one (which I think might still be a work in progress so Daniel might be able to answer that one) is one of them where basically everyone will be able to join and they can try and mess stuff up as bad as they want.
Daniel: 0:09:45.02,0:10:20.93
Yeah, so we so we recently shared the details of Testnet One and Two with the with the other BCH developer groups. The Gigablock test network we've shared up with one group so far but yeah we're building it as Steve pointed out to be publicly accessible.
Connor: 0:10:18.88,0:10:44.00
I think that was my next question I saw that you posted on Twitter about the revived Gigablock testnet initiative and so it looked like blocks bigger than 32 megabytes were being mined and propagated there, but maybe the block explorers themselves were coming down - what does that revived Gigablock test initiative look like?
Daniel: 0:10:41.62,0:11:58.34
That's what did the Gigablock test network is. So the Gigablock test network was first set up by Bitcoin Unlimited with nChain’s help and they did some great work on that, and we wanted to revive it. So we wanted to bring it back and do some large-scale testing on it. It's a flexible network - at one point we had we had eight different large nodes spread across the globe, sort of mirroring the old one. Right now we scaled back because we're not using it at the moment so they'll notice I think three. We have produced some large blocks there and it's helped us a lot in our research and into the scaling capabilities of Bitcoin SV, so it's guided the work that the team’s been doing for the last month or two on the improvements that we need for scalability.
Steve: 0:11:56.48,0:13:34.25
I think that's actually a good point to kind of frame where our priorities have been in kind of two separate stages. I think, as Daniel mentioned before, because of the time constraints we kept the change set for the October 15 release as minimal as possible - it was just the consensus changes. We didn't do any work on performance at all and we put all our focus and energy into establishing the QA process and making sure that that change was safe and that was a good process for us to go through. It highlighted what we were missing in our team – we got our recruiters very busy recruiting of a Test Manager and more QA people. The second stage after that is performance related work which, as Daniel mentioned, the results of our performance testing fed into what tasks we were gonna start working on for the performance related stuff. Now that work is still in progress - some of the items that we identified the code is done and that's going through the QA process but it’s not quite there yet. That's basically the two-stage process that we've been through so far. We have a roadmap that goes further into the future that outlines more stuff, but primarily it’s been QA first, performance second. The performance enhancements are close and on the horizon but some of that work should be ongoing for quite some time.
Daniel: 0:13:37.49,0:14:35.14
Some of the changes we need for the performance are really quite large and really get down into the base level view of the software. There's kind of two groups of them mainly. One that are internal to the software – to Bitcoin SV itself - improving the way it works inside. And then there's other ones that interface it with the outside world. One of those in particular we're working closely with another group to make a compatible change - it's not consensus changing or anything like that - but having the same interface on multiple different implementations will be very helpful right, so we're working closely with them to make improvements for scalability.
Connor: 0:14:32.60,0:15:26.45
Obviously for Bitcoin SV one of the main things that you guys wanted to do that that some of the other developer groups weren't willing to do right now is to increase the maximum default block size to 128 megabytes. I kind of wanted to pick your brains a little bit about - a lot of the objection to either removing the box size entirely or increasing it on a larger scale is this idea of like the infinite block attack right and that kind of came through in a lot of the questions. What are your thoughts on the “infinite block attack” and is it is it something that that really exists, is it something that miners themselves should be more proactive on preventing, or I guess what are your thoughts on that attack that everyone says will happen if you uncap the block size?
Steve: 0:15:23.45,0:18:28.56
I'm often quoted on Twitter and Reddit - I've said before the infinite block attack is bullshit. Now, that's a statement that I suppose is easy to take out of context, but I think the 128 MB limit is something where there’s probably two schools of thought about. There are some people who think that you shouldn't increase the limit to 128 MB until the software can handle it, and there are others who think that it's fine to do it now so that the limit is increased when the software can handle it and you don’t run into the limit when this when the software improves and can handle it. Obviously we’re from the latter school of thought. As I said before we've got a bunch of performance increases, performance enhancements, in the pipeline. If we wait till May to increase the block size limit to 128 MB then those performance enhancements will go in, but we won't be able to actually demonstrate it on mainnet. As for the infinitive block attack itself, I mean there are a number of mitigations that you can put in place. I mean firstly, you know, going down to a bit of the tech detail - when you send a block message or send any peer to peer message there's a header which has the size of the message. If someone says they're sending you a 30MB message and you're receiving it and it gets to 33MB then obviously you know something's wrong so you can drop the connection. If someone sends you a message that's 129 MB and you know the block size limit is 128 you know it’s kind of pointless to download that message. So I mean these are just some of the mitigations that you can put in place. When I say the attack is bullshit, I mean I mean it is bullshit from the sense that it's really quite trivial to prevent it from happening. I think there is a bit of a school of thought in the Bitcoin world that if it's not in the software right now then it kind of doesn't exist. I disagree with that, because there are small changes that can be made to work around problems like this. One other aspect of the infinite block attack, and let’s not call it the infinite block attack, let's just call it the large block attack - it takes a lot of time to validate that we gotten around by having parallel pipelines for blocks to come in, so you've got a block that's coming in it's got a unknown stuck on it for two hours or whatever downloading and validating it. At some point another block is going to get mined b someone else and as long as those two blocks aren't stuck in a serial pipeline then you know the problem kind of goes away.
Cory: 0:18:26.55,0:18:48.27
Are there any concerns with the propagation of those larger blocks? Because there's a lot of questions around you know what the practical size of scaling right now Bitcoin SV could do and the concerns around propagating those blocks across the whole network.
Steve 0:18:45.84,0:21:37.73
Yes, there have been concerns raised about it. I think what people forget is that compact blocks and xThin exist, so if a 32MB block is not send 32MB of data in most cases, almost all cases. The concern here that I think I do find legitimate is the Great Firewall of China. Very early on in Bitcoin SV we started talking with miners on the other side of the firewall and that was one of their primary concerns. We had anecdotal reports of people who were having trouble getting a stable connection any faster than 200 kilobits per second and even with compact blocks you still need to get the transactions across the firewall. So we've done a lot of research into that - we tested our own links across the firewall, rather CoinGeeks links across the firewall as they’ve given us access to some of their servers so that we can play around, and we were able to get sustained rates of 50 to 90 megabits per second which pushes that problem quite a long way down the road into the future. I don't know the maths off the top of my head, but the size of the blocks that can sustain is pretty large. So we're looking at a couple of options - it may well be the chattiness of the peer-to-peer protocol causes some of these issues with the Great Firewall, so we have someone building a bridge concept/tool where you basically just have one kind of TX vacuum on either side of the firewall that collects them all up and sends them off every one or two seconds as a single big chunk to eliminate some of that chattiness. The other is we're looking at building a multiplexer that will sit and send stuff up to the peer-to-peer network on one side and send it over splitters, to send it over multiple links, reassemble it on the other side so we can sort of transition the great Firewall without too much trouble, but I mean getting back to the core of your question - yes there is a theoretical limit to block size propagation time and that's kind of where Moore's Law comes in. Putting faster links and you kick that can further down the road and you just keep on putting in faster links. I don't think 128 main blocks are going to be an issue though with the speed of the internet that we have nowadays.
Connor: 0:21:34.99,0:22:17.84
One of the other changes that you guys are introducing is increasing the max script size so I think right now it’s going from 201 to 500 [opcodes]. So I guess a few of the questions we got was I guess #1 like why not uncap it entirely - I think you guys said you ran into some concerns while testing that - and then #2 also specifically we had a question about how certain are you that there are no remaining n squared bugs or vulnerabilities left in script execution?
Steve: 0:22:15.50,0:25:36.79
It's interesting the decision - we were initially planning on removing that cap altogether and the next cap that comes into play after that (next effective cap is a 10,000 byte limit on the size of the script). We took a more conservative route and decided to wind that back to 500 - it's interesting that we got some criticism for that when the primary criticism I think that was leveled against us was it’s dangerous to increase that limit to unlimited. We did that because we’re being conservative. We did some research into these log n squared bugs, sorry – attacks, that people have referred to. We identified a few of them and we had a hard think about it and thought - look if we can find this many in a short time we can fix them all (the whack-a-mole approach) but it does suggest that there may well be more unknown ones. So we thought about putting, you know, taking the whack-a-mole approach, but that doesn't really give us any certainty. We will fix all of those individually but a more global approach is to make sure that if anyone does discover one of these scripts it doesn't bring the node to a screaming halt, so the problem here is because the Bitcoin node is essentially single-threaded, if you get one of these scripts that locks up the script engine for a long time everything that's behind it in the queue has to stop and wait. So what we wanted to do, and this is something we've got an engineer actively working on right now, is once that script validation goad path is properly paralyzed (parts of it already are), then we’ll basically assign a few threads for well-known transaction templates, and a few threads for any any type of script. So if you get a few scripts that are nasty and lock up a thread for a while that's not going to stop the node from working because you've got these other kind of lanes of the highway that are exclusively reserved for well-known script templates and they'll just keep on passing through. Once you've got that in place, and I think we're in a much better position to get rid of that limit entirely because the worst that's going to happen is your non-standard script pipelines get clogged up but everything else will keep keep ticking along - there are other mitigations for this as well I mean I know you could always put a time limit on script execution if they wanted to, and that would be something that would be up to individual miners. Bitcoin SV's job I think is to provide the tools for the miners and the miners can then choose, you know, how to make use of them - if they want to set time limits on script execution then that's a choice for them.
Daniel: 0:25:34.82,0:26:15.85
Yeah, I'd like to point out that a node here, when it receives a transaction through the peer to peer network, it doesn't have to accept that transaction, you can reject it. If it looks suspicious to the node it can just say you know we're not going to deal with that, or if it takes more than five minutes to execute, or more than a minute even, it can just abort and discard that transaction, right. The only time we can’t do that is when it's in a block already, but then it could decide to reject the block as well. It's all possibilities there could be in the software.
Steve: 0:26:13.08,0:26:20.64
Yeah, and if it's in a block already it means someone else was able to validate it so…
Cory: 0,0:26:21.21,0:26:43.60
There’s a lot of discussions about the re-enabled opcodes coming – OP_MUL, OP_INVERT, OP_LSHIFT, and OP_RSHIFT up invert op l shift and op r shift you maybe explain the significance of those op codes being re-enabled?
Steve: 0:26:42.01,0:28:17.01
Well I mean one of one of the most significant things is other than two, which are minor variants of DUP and MUL, they represent almost the complete set of original op codes. I think that's not necessarily a technical issue, but it's an important milestone. MUL is one that's that I've heard some interesting comments about. People ask me why are you putting OP_MUL back in if you're planning on changing them to big number operations instead of the 32-bit limit that they're currently imposed upon. The simple answer to that question is that we currently have all of the other arithmetic operations except for OP_MUL. We’ve got add divide, subtract, modulo – it’s odd to have a script system that's got all the mathematical primitives except for multiplication. The other answer to that question is that they're useful - we've talked about a Rabin signature solution that basically replicates the function of DATASIGVERIFY. That's just one example of a use case for this - most cryptographic primitive operations require mathematical operations and bit shifts are useful for a whole ton of things. So it's really just about completing that work and completing the script engine, or rather not completing it, but putting it back the way that it was it was meant to be.
Connor 0:28:20.42,0:29:22.62
Big Num vs 32 Bit. I've seen Daniel - I think I saw you answer this on Reddit a little while ago, but the new op codes using logical shifts and Satoshi’s version use arithmetic shifts - the general question that I think a lot of people keep bringing up is, maybe in a rhetorical way but they say why not restore it back to the way Satoshi had it exactly - what are the benefits of changing it now to operate a little bit differently?
Daniel: 0:29:18.75,0:31:12.15
Yeah there's two parts there - the big number one and the L shift being a logical shift instead of arithmetic. so when we re-enabled these opcodes we've looked at them carefully and have adjusted them slightly as we did in the past with OP_SPLIT. So the new LSHIFT and RSHIFT are bitwise operators. They can be used to implement arithmetic based shifts - I think I've posted a short script that did that, but we can't do it the other way around, right. You couldn't use an arithmetic shift operator to implement a bitwise one. It's because of the ordering of the bytes in the arithmetic values, so the values that represent numbers. The little endian which means they're swapped around to what many other systems - what I've considered normal - or big-endian. And if you start shifting that properly as a number then then shifting sequence in the bytes is a bit strange, so it couldn't go the other way around - you couldn't implement bitwise shift with arithmetic, so we chose to make them bitwise operators - that's what we proposed.
Steve: 0:31:10.57,0:31:51.51
That was essentially a decision that was actually made in May, or rather a consequence of decisions that were made in May. So in May we reintroduced OP_AND, OP_OR, and OP_XOR, and that was also another decision to replace three different string operators with OP_SPLIT was also made. So that was not a decision that we've made unilaterally, it was a decision that was made collectively with all of the BCH developers - well not all of them were actually in all of the meetings, but they were all invited.
Daniel: 0:31:48.24,0:32:23.13
Another example of that is that we originally proposed OP_2DIV and OP_2MUL was it, I think, and this is a single operator that multiplies the value by two, right, but it was pointed out that that can very easily be achieved by just doing multiply by two instead of having a separate operator for it, so we scrapped those, we took them back out, because we wanted to keep the number of operators minimum yeah.
Steve: 0:32:17.59,0:33:47.20
There was an appetite around for keeping the operators minimal. I mean the decision about the idea to replace OP_SUBSTR, OP_LEFT, OP_RIGHT with OP_SPLIT operator actually came from Gavin Andresen. He made a brief appearance in the Telegram workgroups while we were working out what to do with May opcodes and obviously Gavin's word kind of carries a lot of weight and we listen to him. But because we had chosen to implement the May opcodes (the bitwise opcodes) and treat the data as big-endian data streams (well, sorry big-endian not really applicable just plain data strings) it would have been completely inconsistent to implement LSHIFT and RSHIFT as integer operators because then you would have had a set of bitwise operators that operated on two different kinds of data, which would have just been nonsensical and very difficult for anyone to work with, so yeah. I mean it's a bit like P2SH - it wasn't a part of the original Satoshi protocol that once some things are done they're done and you know if you want to want to make forward progress you've got to work within that that framework that exists.
Daniel: 0:33:45.85,0:34:48.97
When we get to the big number ones then it gets really complicated, you know, number implementations because then you can't change the behavior of the existing opcodes, and I don't mean OP_MUL, I mean the other ones that have been there for a while. You can't suddenly make them big number ones without seriously looking at what scripts there might be out there and the impact of that change on those existing scripts, right. The other the other point is you don't know what scripts are out there because of P2SH - there could be scripts that you don't know the content of and you don't know what effect changing the behavior of these operators would mean. The big number thing is tricky, so another option might be, yeah, I don't know what the options for though it needs some serious thought.
Steve: 0:34:43.27,0:35:24.23
That’s something we've reached out to the other implementation teams about - actually really would like their input on the best ways to go about restoring big number operations. It has to be done extremely carefully and I don't know if we'll get there by May next year, or when, but we’re certainly willing to put a lot of resources into it and we're more than happy to work with BU or XT or whoever wants to work with us on getting that done and getting it done safely.
Connor: 0:35:19.30,0:35:57.49
Kind of along this similar vein, you know, Bitcoin Core introduced this concept of standard scripts, right - standard and non-standard scripts. I had pretty interesting conversation with Clemens Ley about use cases for “non-standard scripts” as they're called. I know at least one developer on Bitcoin ABC is very hesitant, or kind of pushed back on him about doing that and so what are your thoughts about non-standard scripts and the entirety of like an IsStandard check?
Steve: 0:35:58.31,0:37:35.73
I’d actually like to repurpose the concept. I think I mentioned before multi-threaded script validation and having some dedicated well-known script templates - when you say the word well-known script template there’s already a check in Bitcoin that kind of tells you if it's well-known or not and that's IsStandard. I'm generally in favor of getting rid of the notion of standard transactions, but it's actually a decision for miners, and it's really more of a behavioral change than it is a technical change. There's a whole bunch of configuration options that miners can set that affect what they do what they consider to be standard and not standard, but the reality is not too many miners are using those configuration options. So I mean standard transactions as a concept is meaningful to an arbitrary degree I suppose, but yeah I would like to make it easier for people to get non-standard scripts into Bitcoin so that they can experiment, and from discussions of I’ve had with CoinGeek they’re quite keen on making their miners accept, you know, at least initially a wider variety of transactions eventually.
Daniel: 0:37:32.85,0:38:07.95
So I think IsStandard will remain important within the implementation itself for efficiency purposes, right - you want to streamline base use case of cash payments through them and prioritizing. That's where it will remain important but on the interfaces from the node to the rest of the network, yeah I could easily see it being removed.
Cory: 0,0:38:06.24,0:38:35.46
*Connor mentioned that there's some people that disagree with Bitcoin SV and what they're doing - a lot of questions around, you know, why November? Why implement these changes in November - they think that maybe the six-month delay might not cause a split. Well, first off what do you think about the ideas of a potential split and I guess what is the urgency for November?
Steve: 0:38:33.30,0:40:42.42
Well in November there's going to be a divergence of consensus rules regardless of whether we implement these new op codes or not. Bitcoin ABC released their spec for the November Hard fork change I think on August 16th or 17th something like that and their client as well and it included CTOR and it included DSV. Now for the miners that commissioned the SV project, CTOR and DSV are controversial changes and once they're in they're in. They can't be reversed - I mean CTOR maybe you could reverse it at a later date, but DSV once someone's put a P2SH transaction into the project or even a non P2SH transaction in the blockchain using that opcode it's irreversible. So it's interesting that some people refer to the Bitcoin SV project as causing a split - we're not proposing to do anything that anyone disagrees with - there might be some contention about changing the opcode limit but what we're doing, I mean Bitcoin ABC already published their spec for May and it is our spec for the new opcodes, so in terms of urgency - should we wait? Well the fact is that we can't - come November you know it's bit like Segwit - once Segwit was in, yes you arguably could get it out by spending everyone's anyone can spend transactions but in reality it's never going to be that easy and it's going to cause a lot of economic disruption, so yeah that's it. We're putting out changes in because it's not gonna make a difference either way in terms of whether there's going to be a divergence of consensus rules - there's going to be a divergence whether whatever our changes are. Our changes are not controversial at all.
Daniel: 0:40:39.79,0:41:03.08
If we didn't include these changes in the November upgrade we'd be pushing ahead with a no-change, right, but the November upgrade is there so we should use it while we can. Adding these non-controversial changes to it.
Connor: 0:41:01.55,0:41:35.61
Can you talk about DATASIGVERIFY? What are your concerns with it? The general concept that's been kind of floated around because of Ryan Charles is the idea that it's a subsidy, right - that it takes a whole megabyte and kind of crunches that down and the computation time stays the same but maybe the cost is lesser - do you kind of share his view on that or what are your concerns with it?
Daniel: 0:41:34.01,0:43:38.41
Can I say one or two things about this – there’s different ways to look at that, right. I'm an engineer - my specialization is software, so the economics of it I hear different opinions. I trust some more than others but I am NOT an economist. I kind of agree with the ones with my limited expertise on that it's a subsidy it looks very much like it to me, but yeah that's not my area. What I can talk about is the software - so adding DSV adds really quite a lot of complexity to the code right, and it's a big change to add that. And what are we going to do - every time someone comes up with an idea we’re going to add a new opcode? How many opcodes are we going to add? I saw reports that Jihan was talking about hundreds of opcodes or something like that and it's like how big is this client going to become - how big is this node - is it going to have to handle every kind of weird opcode that that's out there? The software is just going to get unmanageable and DSV - that was my main consideration at the beginning was the, you know, if you can implement it in script you should do it, because that way it keeps the node software simple, it keeps it stable, and you know it's easier to test that it works properly and correctly. It's almost like adding (?) code from a microprocessor you know why would you do that if you can if you can implement it already in the script that is there.
Steve: 0:43:36.16,0:46:09.71
It’s actually an interesting inconsistency because when we were talking about adding the opcodes in May, the philosophy that seemed to drive the decisions that we were able to form a consensus around was to simplify and keep the opcodes as minimal as possible (ie where you could replicate a function by using a couple of primitive opcodes in combination, that was preferable to adding a new opcode that replaced) OP_SUBSTR is an interesting example - it's a combination of SPLIT, and SWAP and DROP opcodes to achieve it. So at really primitive script level we've got this philosophy of let's keep it minimal and at this sort of (?) philosophy it’s all let's just add a new opcode for every primitive function and Daniel's right - it's a question of opening the floodgates. Where does it end? If we're just going to go down this road, it almost opens up the argument why have a scripting language at all? Why not just add a hard code all of these functions in one at a time? You know, pay to public key hash is a well-known construct (?) and not bother executing a script at all but once we've done that we take away with all of the flexibility for people to innovate, so it's a philosophical difference, I think, but I think it's one where the position of keeping it simple does make sense. All of the primitives are there to do what people need to do. The things that people don't feel like they can't do are because of the limits that exist. If we had no opcode limit at all, if you could make a gigabyte transaction so a gigabyte script, then you can do any kind of crypto that you wanted even with 32-bit integer operations, Once you get rid of the 32-bit limit of course, a lot of those a lot of those scripts come up a lot smaller, so a Rabin signature script shrinks from 100MB to a couple hundred bytes.
Daniel: 0:46:06.77,0:47:36.65
I lost a good six months of my life diving into script, right. Once you start getting into the language and what it can do, it is really pretty impressive how much you can achieve within script. Bitcoin was designed, was released originally, with script. I mean it didn't have to be – it could just be instead of having a transaction with script you could have accounts and you could say trust, you know, so many BTC from this public key to this one - but that's not the way it was done. It was done using script, and script provides so many capabilities if you start exploring it properly. If you start really digging into what it can do, yeah, it's really amazing what you can do with script. I'm really looking forward to seeing some some very interesting applications from that. I mean it was Awemany his zero-conf script was really interesting, right. I mean it relies on DSV which is a problem (and some other things that I don't like about it), but him diving in and using script to solve this problem was really cool, it was really good to see that.
Steve: 0:47:32.78,0:48:16.44
I asked a question to a couple of people in our research team that have been working on the Rabin signature stuff this morning actually and I wasn't sure where they are up to with this, but they're actually working on a proof of concept (which I believe is pretty close to done) which is a Rabin signature script - it will use smaller signatures so that it can fit within the current limits, but it will be, you know, effectively the same algorithm (as DSV) so I can't give you an exact date on when that will happen, but it looks like we'll have a Rabin signature in the blockchain soon (a mini-Rabin signature).
Cory: 0:48:13.61,0:48:57.63
Based on your responses I think I kinda already know the answer to this question, but there's a lot of questions about ending experimentation on Bitcoin. I was gonna kind of turn that into – with the plan that Bitcoin SV is on do you guys see like a potential one final release, you know that there's gonna be no new opcodes ever released (like maybe five years down the road we just solidify the base protocol and move forward with that) or are you guys more on the idea of being open-ended with appropriate testing that we can introduce new opcodes under appropriate testing.
Steve: 0:48:55.80,0:49:47.43
I think you've got a factor in what I said before about the philosophical differences. I think new functionality can be introduced just fine. Having said that - yes there is a place for new opcodes but it's probably a limited place and in my opinion the cryptographic primitive functions for example CHECKSIG uses ECDSA with a specific elliptic curve, hash 256 uses SHA256 - at some point in the future those are going to no longer be as secure as we would like them to be and we'll replace them with different hash functions, verification functions, at some point, but I think that's a long way down the track.
Daniel: 0:49:42.47,0:50:30.3
I'd like to see more data too. I'd like to see evidence that these things are needed, and the way I could imagine that happening is that, you know, that with the full scripting language some solution is implemented and we discover that this is really useful, and over a period of, like, you know measured in years not days, we find a lot of transactions are using this feature, then maybe, you know, maybe we should look at introducing an opcode to optimize it, but optimizing before we even know if it's going to be useful, yeah, that's the wrong approach.
Steve: 0:50:28.19,0:51:45.29
I think that optimization is actually going to become an economic decision for the miners. From the miner’s point of view is if it'll make more sense for them to be able to optimize a particular process - does it reduce costs for them such that they can offer a better service to everyone else? Yeah, so ultimately these decisions are going to be miner’s main decisions, not developer decisions. Developers of course can offer their input - I wouldn't expect every miner to be an expert on script, but as we're already seeing miners are actually starting to employ their own developers. I’m not just talking about us - there are other miners in China that I know have got some really bright people on their staff that question and challenge all of the changes - study them and produce their own reports. We've been lucky with actually being able to talk to some of those people and have some really fascinating technical discussions with them.
submitted by The_BCH_Boys to btc [link] [comments]

Private Internet Access Review - An in-depth review

Private Internet Access talks a big game on its website. In among all the technical jargon it boasts that it’s “the most trusted name in anonymous VPN service.”
Its name certainly promises as much, but can you trust Private Internet Access to give you the VPN speeds and security you need?
We’ve spent days testing Private Internet Access to answer all your questions, such as:
Is Private Internet Access trustworthy? What does Private Internet Access do? Does Private Internet Access work with Hulu? Does Private Internet Access keep logs? Who owns Private Internet Access? Before we get stuck in, let’s take a look at the basics of Private Internet Access, along with what we found to be its main pros and cons:
Pros
Excellent speeds - 87Mbps global average Easy, high-speed access to Netflix Unlimited P2P & torrenting Keeps no usage logs & no IP/DNS leaks 3,300+ servers across 32 countries User-friendly apps for PC, Mac, iOS, & Android Cons Small server network compared to top-tier providers Based in the privacy-unfriendly US Email support can be slow, limited live chat Patchy access in China Works with
Netflix, Amazon Prime, Hulu, Now TV, HBO, Sling TV, Torrenting, Kodi
Available on
Windows Mac Ios Android Linux Price from
$2.91/mo
Private Internet Access is an incredibly fast VPN, with some excellent features that make it ideal for privacy advocates. It’s not perfect, though – read on to find out more.
Speed & Reliability Very fast and impressive speeds
Private Internet Access is a very fast VPN.
PIA’s best VPN servers are impressive for speed: if you live near London, New York or Toronto and want to connect locally you won’t find a faster provider in the current market.
We were also highly impressed with PIA’s global performance, with very fast average download speed of 87Mbps. This is one the highest we’ve seen from any provider, making it a fantastic choice for P2P users and torrenters.
Speed results from our physical location in London (100Mbps fibre optic connection) to a London test server.
Before using Private Internet Access:
DOWNLOAD Mbps 92
UPLOAD Mbps 99
PING ms 2
When connected to Private Internet Access:
DOWNLOAD Mbps 47
UPLOAD Mbps 74
PING ms 12
Download speed without Private Internet Acess: 92Mbps
Download speed with Private Internet Access: 47Mbps
Our download speed loss when Private Internet Access is running: 50%
Gamers will love PIA’s practically non-existent latency of less than 1ms in some locations.
It also has exceptional upload speeds – you can expect 268Mbps at the best of times.
We put all of the VPNs on the site through a rigorous scientific speed testing process, determining the average speeds from multiple locations across the globe. These are the average speeds you can expect to pick up from these locations:
USA: 31Mbps (download) & 38Mbps (upload) Germany: 85Mbps (download) & 72Mbps (upload) Singapore: 26Mbps (download) & 9Mbps (upload) Australia: 35Mbps (download) & 10Mbps (upload) Server Locations Important locations are covered, the server list is small
Globe with a blue flag 32 Countries Image of a city landscape 52 Cities Image of a pink marker 3,300+ IP Addresses See all Server Locations Private Internet Access’ servers are spread over 33 countries – a smaller selection than many of its big-name rivals, although every PIA location is courtesy of a real physical server.
While 3,300-plus VPN servers is a fantastic amount, it’s likely that there’s only one IP address for each. That’s a good number, but VPN services like IPVanish (40,000) and VyprVPN (200,000) have far more.
PIA VPN covers all the most popular locations in a good global spread, while 14 separate cities (and 1,500 servers) within the US is outstanding. There’s also city-level selection in the UK, Canada, Australia, and Germany.
Private Internet Access Server Locations on the Private Internet Access Website
Streaming & Torrenting Good for Netflix, great for torrenting
Private Internet Access’ huge array of US servers means that unblocking Netflix is never more than one or two clicks away. We found access through its Washington DC, Atlanta, Chicago and Houston servers to be very reliable, and less so with US East, New York City, Florida and California servers.
Access to BBC iPlayer had recently stopped working for us, and Private Internet Access has said that rectifying it is not a priority for the service. Our most recent tests, however, had success accessing the service.
Private Internet Access is also a popular choice with viewers of a whole range of other big streaming services. Plenty of subscribers enjoy using Private Internet Access with:
Amazon Prime Video Hulu HBO Sling TV Sky Now TV PlayStation Vue Torrenting Private Internet Access is a very, very good VPN for torrenting.
P2P traffic is permitted on all servers and the market-leading upload and download speeds ensure rapid file transfers and buffer-free Kodi.
It has a VPN kill switch to keep your identity safe while you download or seed, it’s totally protected from IP and DNS leaks, and its logging policy ensures your traffic will be kept private and anonymous.
Bypassing Censorship No good in China but works well in other countries
Private Internet Access is unusable in large parts of China as the government has successfully managed to block it via the Great Firewall. Reports and anecdotes from users suggest that it still works in Beijing at least, for example.
Unless you want to spend a lot of time tampering with long-winded manual configurations, you’ll be better off finding another VPN service, though – our roundup of the best VPNs for China should help.
PIA will still work to unlock the internet in slightly less dilligent nations though, such as Turkey, Iran or Saudi Arabia.
Platforms & Devices Works across all platforms, and router too
Apps Windows Logo Windows Mac Logo Mac iOS Logo iOS Android Logo Android Linux Logo Linux Router Logo Router There are custom apps to get Private Internet Access running on all the popular operating systems, both desktop and mobile, while a router-level installation will cover everything else.
Private Internet Access works with Microsoft Windows, Apple MacOS, Android, iPhone and more.
You can use Private Internet Access on a number of devices, up to ten in total. Manual setup guides are also available on the Private Internet Access website to help walk you through more obscure platforms or older OS versions.
Games Consoles & Streaming Devices AppleTV Logo AppleTV Amazon Fire TV Logo Amazon Fire TV Chromecast Logo Chromecast Nintendo Logo Nintendo PlayStation Logo PlayStation Roku Logo Roku Xbox Logo Xbox Private Internet Access offers a custom app for Amazon Fire TV and Stick. Installing the app requires a little bit of technical knowhow, but once installed you’ll be able to choose servers all around the world and access your favorite video content.
It’s also possible to use PIA’s software with other streaming devices and games consoles, like the PlayStation 4, Xbox One or Google Chromecast, by connecting them to a configured router.
Browser Extensions Chrome Logo Chrome Firefox Logo Firefox Private Internet Access also has browser extensions for Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, and Opera, which protect your browser traffic.
They’re just proxies, but still protect your IP address and prevent WebRTC leaks when surfing the web. You can learn more about the differences between VPNs and proxies with our guide.
Encryption & Security One of the most secure VPNs around
Protocol L2TP/IPSec
OpenVPN (TCP/UDP)
PPTP
Encryption AES-128
AES-256
Security DNS Leak Blocking
First-party DNS
IPV6 Leak Blocking
Supports TCP Port 443
VPN Kill Switch
WebRTC Leak Blocking
Advanced features Ad Blocker
SOCKS
Please see our VPN Glossary if these terms confuse you and would like to learn more.
After all this, you’re still probably wondering one question: is Private Internet Access trustworthy?
We can safely say that the answer is yes. Private Internet Access is one of the most advanced VPNs on the market, sure to satisfy even the most demanding of users.
A screenshot of PIA's recommended security configurations PIA’s recommended security configurations
You get a broad choice of protocols with Private Internet Access (including our favorite, OpenVPN), encryption (including AES-256), an ad and malware blocker (PIA MACE), TCP Port 443, as well as a kill switch.
It also features IPV6 leak protection, although it’s unlikely you’ll need that right now – still, it’s good future-proofing for when IPV6 eventually becomes the new internet standard (you can learn more about IPV6 here).
One small thing we’d change is that PIA VPN offers PPTP as a protocol, but not IKEv2. We prefer OpenVPN to IKEv2, but some users like that it often gives you faster VPN connection speeds. PPTP, on the other hand, is old and insecure and shouldn’t really be used by anyone.
On top of all that, we also found it didn’t leak our IP or DNS – Private Internet Access operates its own DNS servers, which helps.
Logging Policy Absolutely no logging information kept
Private Internet Access keeps absolutely no VPN logs whatsoever – you can use the service with total peace of mind that your data and traffic is not being monitored, nor can it be traced back to you.
Jurisdiction Private Internet Access first launched in 2010 and is owned by London Trust Media, a firm with a diverse portfolio of products and a particular focus on privacy and tech. It’s based in Colorado, Denver, USA.
We would normally criticize a VPN for choosing the US as its base of operations, however, in the case of Private Internet Access we’ll make an exception.
The fact that absolutely no browsing logs are stored or monitored by PIA means that any prying authorities would have nothing to uncover.
Ease of Use Updated app does wonders for usability
How to Install & Set Up Private Internet Access Private Internet Access download options screenshot in our PIA review Go to the downloads section on PIA's website to find the right software for your device.
Private Internet Access installation instructions screenshot in our PIA review We love PIA's step-by-step instructions on how to navigate the installation process.
Private Internet Access setup options screenshot in our PIA review PIA gives you the option to create a handy desktop shortcut for the app.
Private Internet Access setup wizard screenshot in our PIA review Once the installation is complete, you'll be given the option to launch PIA and begin using the software.
PIA Main Screen Screenshot for PIA Review PIA have drastically improved its app so that it is much simpler to navigate and pleasing to look at.
PIA Server List Screenshot for PIA Review When clicking on 'VPN Server' on the main screen you are taken to this list of available server connections. Its a detailed list with a search bar to find your favorite server quicker than having to scroll.
PIA Connected Screenshot for PIA Review When you choose a server, the app automatically takes you back to the home screen where the button animates itself in an attempt to connect. Once connected, it turns green.
PIA Main Screen Expanded Screenshot for PIA ReviewPIA Setting Menu Screenshot for PIA Review The advanced settings open in a new and separate tab to the app. In the Privacy Settings you can find the inclusion of a kill switch with the helpful option to have it on 'Always'. You can also block domains used for ads, trackers, and malware through the PIA MACE option.
PIA DNS Leak Protection Screenshot for PIA Review In the 'Network' screen you can protect yourself against DNS leaks, with the options to 'Set Custom DNS' alongside tick boxes for 'Request Port Forwarding' or 'Allow LAN Traffic'.
PIA Protocol and Encryption Screenshot for PIA Review
In the past, PIA’s one glaring failure was its clunky, unintuitive and grossly outdated desktop app.
PIA has since released a far more modern app which is much easier to navigate and straight-up better looking, clearly taking note from its competitors.
There are plenty of customization options for desktop notifications, launch on start-up, and a kill switch with an ‘always’ option.
PIA has come a long way, but it’s not perfect: the advanced settings still open in a new tab and the tray app remains open on top, blocking the view. Annoyingly, you have to close the whole tray app manually in order to see it.
The PIA mobile app is terrific – with just as much configurability as the desktop app, plus some extra connection details.
Customer Support Lacking 24/7 support but good online knowledge base
Live chat Support Email Online Resources 24/7 live chat is the obvious absence from Private Internet Access’ support repertoire. It’s something almost all of its higher-scoring rivals have, such as StrongVPN and VPNArea, and a feature we’d love to see soon.
With PIA VPN you can only live chat with support between 4pm-1am UTC. You must be logged in to the member area to do so, meaning it’s also only available to paying customers.
The positive flip-side to this, though, is that PIA has one of the best online knowledge bases out there. It’s well organized and should answer almost any query or issue you have.
Pricing & Deals Affordable on two-year plan
Private Internet Access Coupon Private Internet Access logo Private Internet Access
Get 65% off Private Internet Access's 2-year plan
TestedEnds 28 Aug Get CodeED Terms Private Internet Access Pricing Plan A month-long subscription with Private Internet Access costs $9.95. This is around the industry standard and isn’t very competitive.
The cost goes down the longer you subscribe for, though, with a two-year subscription costing $3.49 per month. Private Internet Access isn’t the cheapest VPN, but it is one of the best.
Private Internet Access doesn’t have a free trial and the money-back guarantee is only seven days long. However, cancelling within these seven-days is 100% no-questions-asked, with your refund arriving within seven working days.
Monthly
US$9.95/mo
Billed $9.95 every month 12 Months
US$5.99/mo
Billed $71.88 every 12 months Save 40% 2 Years
US$3.49/mo
Billed $83.87 every 2 years Save 65% All plans have 7-day money-back guarantee
Payment & Refund Options Credit Card PayPal Bitcoin PIA accepts a broad range of payment methods including most major credit and debit cards, PayPal and a few cryptocurrencies including Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Zcash.
Users in certain countries may also have access to additional international payment options like Mint, ecoPayz, and Neosurf, although they can’t be used to set up a rolling subscription.
submitted by Zinkzd to VPNsReddit [link] [comments]

Breaking: Tiananmen Square Massacre of 1989 information strictly prohibited by the CHines Government has been embedded in the Bitcoin Blockchain. Buckle up folks, this may get interesting.

Yesterday I proposed a possible method to end the Chinese Bitcoin Mining Monopoly by embedding pro-freedom/anti-Chinese government tyranny information prohibited by the Chinese Government on the Bitcoin Blockchain. Original thread here: https://np.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/60apqg/a_proposal_for_a_simple_inexpensive_and_effective/
Here is the text embedded in the Bitcoin Blockchain:
中国:应公布六四屠杀真相 1989后打压人权在习近平任内达高峰
(纽约,2016年6月2日)-人权观察今天表示,中国政府应停止否认国家在1989年6月4日前后屠杀无武装民运人士和市民事件中的角色,承认政府应对于与镇压该示威活动有关的杀人、拘押和迫害行为负起责任。
Tiananmen Square, Beijing in June 1989. 展开 天安门,北京,1989年6月
中国政府应展现诚意,立即停止拘押和骚扰纪念「六四」人士,会见幸存者及其家属,并释放因追悼「六四」而自2014年7月被关押至今的维权人士于世文。
“中国当局应将其亏欠的正义与究责还给屠杀幸存者及其家属,” 人权观察中国部主任索菲・理查森(Sophie Richardson)说。“1989年迄今政治打压,不但未能遏止要求基本自由与负责政府的呼声,反而使中共的合法性加倍流失。” 和往年同样,
当局已在「六四」周年来临前提升戒备,严防出现悼念活动:
2016年5月28日,成都当局以煽动颠覆罪名拘捕符海陆,他被怀疑在社交媒体发布贴有与「六四」有关标签的酒瓶图片。 据维权网披露,另有至少四人因为纪念「六四」而被警方拘留,包括成都诗人马青和北京维权人士徐彩虹、赵长青、张宝成。 当局并将多名维权人士软禁或限制行动,包括天安门母亲发起人丁子霖和山东退休教授孙文广。 著名记者高瑜虽在2015年11月获准保外就医出狱,仍须在家中服完五年刑期;一直受到实质软禁的前中共高干鲍彤,则被强迫以「旅游」名义离开北京。 1989年至今,中国政府一直违背国内法和国际人权法义务,严格限制基本人权──特别是言论、集会、结社自由和参政权。然而,对异议人士的不容忍,自2013年3月习近平掌权后更达高峰。中国政府正研拟或已通过数项新的国家安全法律,加强对公民社会的限制和管控;互联网和媒体言论空间受到进一步紧缩;数百名维权人士遭到拘押和判刑;意见领袖和自由派知识分子被刻意起诉;同时,政府还大力推行党领导一切的“正确思想”。
虽然最后一位因参与八九民运入狱人士可望于2016年10月刑满释放,但有许多当年示威者出狱后继续从事维权活动而再被关押。1989年组织广州民运活动而坐牢18个月的于世文,即因悼念「六四」而于2014年被拘押至今。其他资深维权人士,包括诺贝尔和平奖得主刘晓波、四川维权人士刘贤斌、陈卫和广东维权人士郭飞雄,分别被判处重刑或以政治罪名遭到羁押。
中国当局应将其亏欠的正义与究责还给屠杀幸存者及其家属 理查森 中国部主任, 人权观察 当局防范「六四」议题的另一方式,是禁止屠杀后逃亡海外的八九民运组织者或参与者返国。例如,前学生领袖吾尔开希、熊焱至今归国无门,两人虽曾在2013到2014年屡次闯关,但均遭香港当局拒绝入境。
中国政府持续否认屠杀和平示威者,敌视和平的民众参与,与其他地方的发展形成强烈对比。在2016年5月的就职演说中,台湾新任总统蔡英文宣示将以成立真相与和解委员会的方式“面对过去”,俾能记取“那个时代的错误”──她指的应是所谓“白色恐怖”时期的政治迫害。缅甸经历50年军事独裁后,现在也已开始向选举民主转型。
背景:1989血腥镇压
天安门屠杀缘起于学生、工人和其他群众,为呼吁言论自由、责任政治和扫除腐败,于1989年4月在北京天安门广场及各大城市发起和平集会。随着示威活动日益扩大,政府在1989年5月下旬宣布戒严。
1989年6月3日到4日,军队开火杀害不明人数的和平示威者和旁观者。在北京,有部分市民为反击军方暴力而攻击运兵车队,焚烧交通工具。屠杀后,政府实施全国性镇压,以“反革命”和扰乱社会秩序、纵火等刑事罪名逮捕数千人。
中国政府从未承认对屠杀负有责任,也未曾将任何杀人凶手移送法办。它既拒绝对事件进行调查,也不愿公布关于死亡、受伤、失踪或服刑者的数据。主要由死难者家属组成的一个非政府组织,天安门母亲,收集了202名在北京和其他城市遭镇压死亡者的详细资料。27年过去了,许多天安门母亲成员身患病痛,部分已经去世,却未能见到正义伸张,也不知道他们的亲人究竟如何罹难。
人权观察呼吁中国政府把握「六四」27周年的机会,彻底改变官方对此事件的立场。具体而言,它应做到:
尊重言论、结社与和平集会自由权,停止骚扰及任意拘押质疑「六四」官方说法的人士; 与天安门母亲成员会面,并向他们道歉; 允许对「六四」事件进行独立、公开的调查,并尽速将结果公诸大众; 允许因「六四」流亡海外的中国公民自由返国;以及 调查所有参与策划或指挥非法利用致命武力对付和平示威者的官员和军官,并公布死难者名单。 “自1989年以来,中国在政治改革方面不仅毫无进展,反而在原地踏步甚至向后退却,”理查森说。“北京要想向前跃进,就必须正视过去的伤痛。这不但有其他怀抱自信政府的先例可循,也是全中国的民心所向。” “自1989年以来,中国在政治改革方面不仅毫无进展,反而在原地踏步甚至向后退却,”理查森说。“北京要想向前跃进,就必须正视过去的伤痛。这不但有其他怀抱自信政府的先例可循,也是全中国的民心所向。” 区域/国家 亚洲 中国和西藏 主题 言论自由
China: Tell the Truth About Tiananmen on Anniversary
Repression of Rights at Post-1989 Peak Under President Xi
(New York) – The Chinese government should cease its denial about the state’s role in the massacre of unarmed pro-democracy protesters and citizens around June 4, 1989, and acknowledge the government’s responsibility for the killings, detentions, and persecution associated with suppression of the protests, Human Rights Watch said today.
Tiananmen Square, Beijing in June 1989.
Beijing should demonstrate that commitment by immediately ceasing its detention and harassment of individuals marking the occasion, meeting with survivors and their family members, and releasing Yu Shiwen, an activist held since July 2014 for commemorating the massacre.
“Chinese authorities owe a debt of justice and accountability to survivors of the massacre and their family members,” said Sophie Richardson, China director. “Political repression since 1989 has not eliminated yearnings for basic freedoms and an accountable government – instead it has only compounded the Party’s lack of legitimacy.”
As in previous years, authorities have been on high alert ahead of the anniversary to preempt commemorations of the massacre:
In Chengdu on May 28, 2016, authorities detained Fu Hailu on subversion charges; he is suspected of posting on social media images of liquor bottles with labels related to the crackdown. At least four others – poet Ma Qing in Chengdu, and activists Xu Caihong, Zhao Changqing, and Zhang Baocheng in Beijing – are believed to be in police custody for commemorating the occasion, according to the nongovernmental organization Chinese Human Rights Defenders. Authorities have also put under house arrest or restricted the movement of a number of activists, including Ding Zilin, a founding member of the Tiananmen Mothers, and retired Shandong professor Sun Wenguang. Prominent journalist Gao Yu, who in November 2015 was released from prison on medical parole to serve out her five year sentence at home, and former top official Bao Tong, who remains under effective house arrest, have been required to leave Beijing for enforced “vacations.” Since 1989, the Chinese government has kept tight control over basic human rights – particularly freedoms of expression, assembly, and association, and the right to political participation – despite its obligations under domestic and international human rights law. Intolerance toward dissent, however, has reached a new peak since President Xi Jinping came to po